1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet  Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471

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Lot 389
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet
Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471

£ 120,000 - 150,000
US$ 160,000 - 200,000
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet
Chassis no. 853 169
Engine no. 850 471
One of the founding fathers of the German automobile industry, August Horch was born in Winningen in 1868, and following an technical education at engineering school, worked for a marine engine manufacturer in Leipzig. His next job was managing Karl Benz’s motor works at Mannheim, but frustration with his employer’s conservative approach prompted Horch to seek financial backing for his own venture. Horch regarded Benz’s rear-engined ‘horseless carriages’ as out-dated, and his first automobile of 1900 featured a front-mounted, twin-cylinder engine and shaft-driven rear axle, the first time this latter innovation had been seen in Germany. Larger four- and six-cylinder models followed, and Horch became active in the trials and competitions of the day, though ultimately this policy would bring August into conflict with his fellow directors and force his departure in 1909 to found Audi.
In 1923 Horch engaged Paul Daimler, son of Gottleib, as Chief Engineer, the first car to bear his stamp being the ‘300’. This was powered by a 3.2-litre, double-overhead-camshaft, straight eight engine, and power units of this type would be favoured by Horch throughout the 1920s and 1930s. After Daimler’s departure Fritz Fiedler (later of BMW fame) took over, designing a single-overhead-cam straight-eight - the Horch 450 - which was followed by 6-litre V12-powered 600 and 670 models in 1931 and the 3.5-litre V8-engined 830B in 1933.
In 1932 the company became part of the Auto Union together with Audi, DKW and Wanderer. Horch produced a veritable plethora of model variations in the 1930s, ringing the changes on engine capacity, wheelbase and styles of coachwork, but all were aimed squarely at the prestige end of the market, where Horch was the only serious domestic rival to Mercedes-Benz. Introduced for the 1936 season, the 4.9-litre Type 853 was powered by a Fiedler-designed, sohc, ten-bearing straight eight mounted in a solidly built chassis boasting a four-speed overdrive gearbox and servo-assisted hydraulic brakes. A stylish sports cabriolet, the 853 was produced up to the outbreak of war, by which time just 950 of these exclusive cars had been built.
After WW2, Horch’s Zwickau factory ended up on the eastern side of the border where it would eventually be pressed into service manufacturing the utilitarian Trabant - a sad end to a once noble marque that had ranked among the very best.
This rare German thoroughbred was purchased in Germany by the vendor in 1992. Horch specialists Inrecke have maintained the car ever since. Fully restored in 1991, it is finished in red with beige leather interior and cosmetically presented in good condition throughout.
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet  Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet  Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet  Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471
1935 Horch 853 Cabriolet  Chassis no. 853 169 Engine no. 850 471
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