An Extremely Rare English Civil War Parliamentarian Standard Believed To Have Been Taken By Bernard Or William Brocas At The First Battle Of Newbury, 20 September 1643

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Lot 209
An Extremely Rare English Civil War Parliamentarian Standard Believed To Have Been Taken By Bernard Or William Brocas At The First Battle Of Newbury, 20 September 1643
Circa 1643

Sold for £ 15,600 (US$ 21,464) inc. premium

Arms & Armour

14 Apr 2005, 13:30 BST

London, Knightsbridge

An Extremely Rare English Civil War Parliamentarian Standard Believed To Have Been Taken By Bernard Or William Brocas At The First Battle Of Newbury, 20 September 1643
Circa 1643
Of light green silk damask, perhaps originally turquoise, woven with a design of foliage and painted in gold and brown on each side with a foliate banner bearing the motto 'Constanter Et Fideliter' in black letters (some damage and an old repair); with a later glazed, gilt and gesso frame (damaged) with applied paper label on the outside (illegible) and two paper labels each inscribed in illuminated red gothic script 'This flag was taken by Bernard Brocas of Beaurepaire from Cromwells Army at the Battle of Newbury August (sic), 20, 1643. He was taunted by the Royalist Party with indifference to their cause } on account of his love for the daughter of Lord Sandys, who had the adjoining property & who was in Cromwells Army { & stung by the imputation of cowardice swore in the next engagement to take a standard or die in the attempt. This flag was found in his hand after the Battle, & the Standard Bearer dead by his side.' (4)
59 cm. x 52.5 cm.

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    The Sandys Family
    Chaloner Chute, Speaker of the House of Commons
    Reginald Brocas
    Thence by descent

    Literature:
    Walter Money, F.S.A., The First And Second Battles Of Newbury And The Siege Of Donnington Castle During The Civil War, A.D. 1643-6, 1881, p. 48. See also Addenda Et Corrigenda: 'With regard to Bernard Brocas, and the flag taken by him at the First Battle of Newbury, Reginald Brocas, Esq., has obligingly favoured me with the following particulars:- 'An ancestor of mine, Sir Thomas Brocas, of Beaurepaire, had eight sons, seven of whom fell in the Civil War, fighting for the King. The one (Bernard) who captured the flag at the Battle of Newbury was the fifth son of the said Sir Thomas; and the affair happened thus. He, Bernard Brocas, being in love with a daughter of Lord Sandes, of the Vyne (a property which adjoins the Beaurepaire property, and once formed part of it), took every opportunity of passing his time with his fair mistress, much to the dislike of all his relatives, who were staunch Royalists, and many of whom had fought at Edgehill, - in fact, four of his brothers were there. Refusing to give up his Intended, and being told that his loyalty was distrusted, and that his mistress would wean him away to her father's side, he took an oath that he would give substantial proof, in the next engagement, of his loyalty, and would either bring back a standard, or stay in the field. He did both! He took the flag, killed the bearer (who is said to have been one of the Hazleriggs), and was found on the field after the battle, dead, with the flag beside him.
    "After all was over the flag was taken and given to the Sandes family; and it was at the Vyne when Chaloner Chute, the Speaker to the House of Commons, took it from Lord Sandes. He gave it to my ancestor; and we have had it ever since. I myself have had it for over thirty years in my possession."
    "The mistake in the date 'August', instead of 'September', was owing to my brother, who amused himself in putting the writing under the flag, having substituted the date of the promise to take the flag for the date of the battle"

    Montagu Burrows, The Family of Brocas of Beaurepaire and Roche. Hereditary Masters of the Royal Buckhounds, London, 1886, pp. 234-5

    Exhibited in the Old Banqueting Hall which became a Royal Chapel in 1837
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