French School, Prince James Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender (1688-1766), as a child, wearing armour and crimson bow at his neck

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 9
French School, Prince James Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender (1688-1766), as a child, wearing armour and crimson bow at his neck

Sold for £ 2,270 (US$ 2,806) inc. premium
French School (1694,
Prince James Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender (1688-1766), as a child, wearing armour and crimson bow at his neck.

oil on copper, , gilt-metal frame with pierced spiral cresting, engraved erroneously on the reverse Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
Oval, 98mm (3 7/8in) high

Footnotes

  • The exile of the Stuarts began in the Winter of 1688-9 when James was a baby. Whilst the Prince was painted by Godfrey Kneller before leaving England, it was not until the family's arrival at Saint-Germain in France that his iconography really begins. His mother, Mary of Modena first chose a fellow Italian, Benedetto Gennari to paint her son and in 1689, during the family's brief sojourn in Ireland he produced a painting of the infant Prince, holding a parrot. His second portrait of the Prince, standing beside his mother, was painted the following year. However, this painting was not entirely successful and so the king and queen turned to Nicolas de Largillière.
    Between 1691 and 1694, the Prince was painted four times by Largillière. Two show the Prince before the Spring of 1692, when he was given the Order of the Garter by his father, a third, based on a family group, shows him wearing an elaborately feathered hat. The fourth, painted in 1694, was sent to Rome for presentation to Pope Innocent XII, with a copy being kept in France. Largillière was also commissioned to produce a double portrait of the Prince and his sister in December 1694. In this portrait, finished the following year the Prince is shown, very slightly older than in the present lot. This fact, coupled with the fact that no images of the Prince were produced between 1695 and 1698, means that the present lot can be confidently dated to 1694.
    Whilst there are numerous portraits of the Prince painted in the period 1689-1757, portraits of the infant Prince are rare. It is known that Jacques Antoine Arlaud painted the Prince in miniature at around the same date (see The Monarchy in Portrait Miniatures From Elizabeth I to Queen Victoria, Exhibition at D. S. Lavender Antiques, London, 1993, catalogue no.59). From this likeness stem a number of contemporary versions in miniature, usually given to Arlaud. Whilst the present lot does bear similarities to this facial type, the differences in hairstyle and costume suggest that it does not derive from Arlaud's miniature. In addition, the present lot does not appear to relate to any of the recorded large-scale portraits of the Prince or to the family group by Pierre Mignard, painted in 1694. If, as this suggests, the present lot was painted from life, it an important addition to the Prince's iconography from his early childhood.
Auction information

This sale is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future sales, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this sale, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £2,500 of the hammer price;
25% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £2,500 up to and including £300,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £300,000 up to and including £3,000,000;
and 13.9% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £3,000,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalog.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.