English School, The Reverend John Wesley (1703-91), profile to the right, wearing robes and bands, his hair long

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Lot 40
English School, The Reverend John Wesley (1703-91), profile to the right, wearing robes and bands, his hair long

Sold for £ 478 (US$ 633) inc. premium
English School (late 18th Century,
The Reverend John Wesley (1703-91), profile to the right, wearing robes and bands, his hair long.

carved ivory relief, , rectangular papier-mâché frame.
Oval, 86mm (3 3/8in) high

Footnotes

  • John was the 15th child of the rector of Epworth, Lincolnshire. After attending Christ Church College, Oxford, he was ordained in 1725 and remained in Oxford, teaching Greek. At university John was part of a small Christian group headed by his brother Charles, which became known as the Holy Club or the Oxford Methodists.
    In 1735, the Wesley brothers became missionaries in America. Three years later, John returned to England and settled in Bristol. His passionate sermons upset the local clergy and he was banned from many pulpits. As a result, he gave sermons in the open-air and in 1739 Wesley built a Methodist Chapel in Bristol.
    Wesley travelled the country, visiting poor neighbourhoods, and spreading the message of God's love to industrial workers and agricultural labourers. Wesley was also vocal about personal morality, warning against the dangers of gambling and drinking. In his sermons he encouraged people to work hard and to save for the future. He encouraged people who had full-time jobs to become lay preachers. This gave working people valuable experience of speaking in public. Later, some of these went on to become leaders of trade unions and reform groups such as the Chartists.
    Wesley wrote a large number of books including collections of psalms, hymns and sermons. He also founded and edited the Methodist Magazine. Wesley received over £30,000 in royalties from his writings. This was used for charitable work including the foundation of Kingswood School in Bristol. Wesley and his followers became known as Methodists. By the time John Wesley died in 1791, the Methodist movement had over 76,000 members.
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