An elegant roiro-nuri Gunpai [Daimyo's War Fan],

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Lot 240
An elegant roiro-nuri Uchiwa Gunpai [Daimyo's War Fan],

Sold for £ 2,151 (US$ 2,697) inc. premium

Asian Art

21 Sep 2004, 10:30 BST

London, Knightsbridge

An elegant roiro-nuri Uchiwa Gunpai [Daimyo's War Fan],
mounted in white-metal and decorated in gold hiramakie on the obverse with a family mon [possibly for the Miura Clan]; the reverse depicting an astronomical [?] or other chart with 34 seperate phases beside detailed kanji inscriptions, 21 inches [53cm.] high, with its fitted brocade bag, Edo Period [2]

Footnotes

  • Similar Uchiwa Gunpai are well known, but are relatively scarce; significantly they are still used by Gyoji during Sumo wrestling tournaments.

    As a Daimyo's accoutrement, Cf. the fan used by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, decorated with gold and pearls on a scarlet and silk gauze ground [held by the Tokugawa Art Museum in Nagoya, and illustrated/p.172 in S.R.Turnbull's 'The Samurai/A Military History']. Two comparable fans are illustrated in other works by Turnbull: Cf. 'Samurai/The World of the Warrior' [2003] where a waxwork figure of the great Daimyo, Date Masamune [1566-1636] is illustrated wearing his Sendai-do, and holding a similar fan, decorated with a stellar constellation design. See also 'Samurai/The Story of Japan's Noble Warriors' [2004], page 89, for an oban tate-e depicting Hideyoshi holding a gunpai with his right hand.

    Three illustrious families carry the Miura name. The first, a Daimyo family from Sagami, descended from Taira Takamochi whose descendant Miura Tanemichi settled in the Miura district during the 11th Century, and took the name of his new home. The family subsequently produced Miura Yoshizumi [1127-1200] who sided with Minamoto Yoritomo during the Gempei War.

    Related to this branch of the Miura were the family descended from Iemura, the son of Yoshimura; this second Miura family were appointed Daimyo in 1639. During the Tokugawa Period the family moved five times: to Mibu [Shimotsuke Province] in 1639; to Nobeoka [Hyuga Province] in 1691; to Kariya [Mikawa] in 1712; to Nishio [Mikawa Province] in 1747; and to Katsuyama [Mimasaka-one of the eight provinces of the San-yo-do] in 1764.

    Lastly, the family of Miura, Samurai of the Yamaguchi clan from Suwo Province, also enobled the Miura name, becoming Viscounts during the Meiji era.
An elegant roiro-nuri Gunpai [Daimyo's War Fan],
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