Jwan Winberg, An Imperial gift, a portrait of Nicholas I (1796-1855), Emperor of Russia (1825-55), wearing uniform, black coat with gold-embroidered red collar, gold epaulettes, blue moiré silk sash and breast star of the Russian Order of St. Andrew, cross of the Russian Order of St. George, the Prussian officers' cross, the medal of the 1828-9 Turkish Campaign and an unidentified cross on an orange-edged blue ribbon

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Lot 40
Jwan Winberg, An Imperial gift, a portrait of Nicholas I (1796-1855), Emperor of Russia (1825-55), wearing uniform, black coat with gold-embroidered red collar, gold epaulettes, blue moiré silk sash and breast star of the Russian Order of St. Andrew, cross of the Russian Order of St. George, the Prussian officers' cross, the medal of the 1828-9 Turkish Campaign and an unidentified cross on an orange-edged blue ribbon

Sold for £ 3,824 (US$ 4,726) inc. premium
Jwan Winberg (Swedish, fl.c.1830-1846)
An Imperial gift, a portrait of Nicholas I (1796-1855), Emperor of Russia (1825-55), wearing uniform, black coat with gold-embroidered red collar, gold epaulettes, blue moiré silk sash and breast star of the Russian Order of St. Andrew, cross of the Russian Order of St. George, the Prussian officers' cross, the medal of the 1828-9 Turkish Campaign and an unidentified cross on an orange-edged blue ribbon
signed on obverse Winberg, gilt-metal mount with easel reverse and gilt-mounted burgundy velvet border
Oval, 44mm. (1 3/4ins.) high
Provenance: General Count Alexander Christoforovich Benckendorff
By family descent through four generations

Footnotes

  • The present lot and lot 32 were given by Emperor Nicholas I to his close friend, General Alexander Benckendorff (1783-1844). Benckendorff, known as 'The Gendarme', was Minister of Police and responsible for the 3rd Department (secret police), under the Tsar. Whilst most ministers had doubts about his suitability for these posts, because of his amiable nature and absent-mindedness (sometimes even forgetting his own name), Nicholas was extremely satisfied. In 1837 he said, `During the eleven years in which he holds this office, he never involved me in any incidents, and he has reconciled me with a lot of people.'. He was granted the title of `Count' on November 8, 1832. Many of Alexander's family also held high positions within the Imperial Russian court, right up until the death of Nicholas II.
    Another version of the present lot, by Robert Theer, presumably after Winberg is in the Collection of the House of Orange-Nassau, inv. no.m229, cf. K. Schaffers-Bodenhausen; The Portrait Miniatures in the Collections of the House of Orange-Nassau, 1993, p.320, no.396.
    Nicholas I (Nikolai Pavlovich), third son of Emperor Paul I. He became Emperor on the death of his brother Alexander I and the refusal of his other brother, Grand Duke Constantine, to accept sovereignty. Harsh and despotic by nature, his first measure as Emperor was the execution of the participants of the uprising of December 14, 1825. His reign saw the flourishing of absolute monarchy and the supression of liberalism. His foreign policy led to the Crimean War of 1853-56.
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