Asian Art / A blue-and-white 'longevity' host-cup 19th century
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With a hole at the base, and when being filled with water whilst the hole being covered, the cup only allows water to be filled up to the 'peach', otherwise the water would all be emptied through the hole when it is uncovered. The inscribed tomobako names the cup 'hachibu-hai', eight-tenth cup, suggesting that one only fills the cup 80% full. This type of measuring cups for tea or wine are also known as 'gongdao bei' in China, literally fair-cup, using to dispense tea for guests from the host and be certain that everyone shares the same amount, hence the name 'fair'.
十九世紀 青花「壽星」八分杯 並供箱，銘「古染附八分杯」