Ritual + Culture / A NIAS NOBLEMAN'S GOLD NECKLACE, NIFATO-FATO NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA, 19TH-20TH CENTURY
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A NIAS NOBLEMAN'S GOLD NECKLACE, NIFATO-FATO
21 cm outer diam.
A crescent-shaped gold necklace hammered into folded ridges with two solar motifs at the extremities, the end fastened by interlocking hooks of which one is missing.
The nifato-fato is central to the ceremonial costume of the Ono Niha people and worn by men of high status in North and Central Nias. In South Nias, they were known as kalambagi and were also worn by aristocratic women. (Rodgers, 1985) The crescent-shape and the full circle evoke phases of the moon, and thus renewal. (Carpenter, 2012)
Carpenter, B., Richter, A. (2012). Gold Jewellery of the Indonesian Archipelago. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet, pp. 420-423.
Feldman, J. (1990). Nias Tribal treasures, cosmic reflections in stone, wood and gold. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Nabrink, pl. 38, pp. 121, cat. no. 156, 157, 158.
Rodgers, S. and Ferrazzini, P. (1985). Power and gold: Jewelry from Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Geneva: Barbier-Müller Museum, cat. 1, 2, 5, pp. 88-89, 319.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York acc. no. 2000.160.21
Metmuseum.org. (2019). [online] Available at: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/318571?&searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&where=Indonesia&what=Gold&ft=*&offset=720&rpp=80&pos=729