MORELOS Y PAVON, JOSE MARIA. 1765-1815. Autograph Letter Signed ("Jose Ma Morelos") in Spanish, to Virrey Francisco Xavier Venegas, the Viceroy of New Spain, 4 pp bifolium,
Lot 126
MORELOS Y PAVON, JOSE MARIA. 1765-1815.
Autograph Letter Signed ("Jose Ma Morelos") in Spanish, to Virrey Francisco Xavier Venegas, the Viceroy of New Spain, 4 pp bifolium,
Sold for US$ 6,250 inc. premium

Fine Books and Manuscripts

12 Jun 2018, 13:00 EDT

New York

Lot Details
MORELOS Y PAVON, JOSE MARIA. 1765-1815. Autograph Letter Signed ("Jose Ma Morelos") in Spanish, to Virrey Francisco Xavier Venegas, the Viceroy of New Spain, 4 pp bifolium, MORELOS Y PAVON, JOSE MARIA. 1765-1815. Autograph Letter Signed ("Jose Ma Morelos") in Spanish, to Virrey Francisco Xavier Venegas, the Viceroy of New Spain, 4 pp bifolium,
MORELOS Y PAVON, JOSE MARIA. 1765-1815.
Autograph Letter Signed ("Jose Ma Morelos") in Spanish, to Virrey Francisco Xavier Venegas, the Viceroy of New Spain, 4 pp bifolium, 8vo, Cuernevaca, Feb 5, 1812, boldly warning him not to attempt to send trips as the city had fallen, and informing him that he would soon take the rest of Mexico, repaired at fold, repaired tears including a full-length vertical tear through both sheets, trimmed.
Provenance: Jacinto Reynoso (gift from the family of Morelos); thence by descent.

AN ASTOUNDING LETTER FROM "EL SIERVO DE LA NACION" TO THE VICEROY OF NEW SPAIN UPON TAKING CONTROL OF CUERNEVACA IN 1812. While all letters of Morelos are rare, this one is truly outstanding. Written from Cuernevaca the day after his rebel forces assumed control, and in anticipation of his move on Cuauhtla, Morelos, exhibiting no small bit of bravado, informs el virrey Venegas, his most powerful enemy and the head of New Spain, that the town has fallen, and not to send troops as they will only be defeated or will disobey ("desobedecidor"). Against rumors of his failing health, he informs el virrey that he is feeling very well rested and in great health "gracias a dios," which will enable his entrance into Mexico City to be much quicker than he thought, but unfortunately he can't tell Venegas, "el dia y hora la fuerza y caminos por donde lo entrar." He tells Venegas that he writes out of charity ("caridad") as he remembers him from his time as part of the Real Cuerpo de Artilleria. Following he explains that the press ("las gasetas") have misinformed both the government and the public and offers a page-long account of the attack on Yzucar.
Jose Maria Morelos is one of the most important figures of the Mexican Revolution, as well as the author of the Mexican Declaraton of Independence (Sentimientos de la Nacion) and organizer of the first Mexican Congress in 1813 at which the Decreto Constitucional para la Libertad de la América Mexicana, based on the Constitution of Cadiz, was presented for the first time attempting to establish an independent American Mexico. A priest by training, Morelos nevertheless took over leadership of military maneuvers of the rebels after the death of Miguel Hidalgo in 1811. His successes as a military leader between 1811 and 1814 were astounding, having captured much of the South including Acapulco and Oaxaca, and this letter reveals the little known fact of his previous training in the artillery. He was named Captain General of Mexico in September 1813, but preferred the title Siervo de la Nacion.
An audacious and important letter, revealing the bold character of the great leader, as well as a mischievous streak, and containing a first-hand account of his own exploits in the battle for Independence. Likely Morelos's retained copy, with a copy of the letter (unexamined by us) residing in the Benson Latin American Collection at the University of Texas.
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