Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-Chien, 1899-1983) Landscapes After Song and Yuan masters
Lot 148
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-Chien, 1899-1983)
Landscapes After Song and Yuan masters
Sold for HK$ 937,500 (US$ 119,437) inc. premium

Lot Details
Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-Chien, 1899-1983)
Landscapes After Song and Yuan masters
Ink and colour on paper, folding fan
Inscribed and signed Yuan, with a total of twelve seals of the artist
Dated bingxu year (1946)
18.5cm x 48cm (7¼in x 18⅞in)

Footnotes

  • 張大千 擬宋元山水及行書畫論格錦 設色紙本/水墨灑金紙本 成扇 一九四六年作

    款識:
    (一)南北派雖不同,而致各可取而化。故予於馬夏輩,亦偶變而為之。譬如南北道,俱可長安,只是不言錯路可耳。
    (二)仿夏圭。
    (三)嘗見子久山色,全體古澹,不作分明圭角,如舊墨色,漸少黑氣,而意甚流暢。然則古人全用重墨,又不盡然也。丙戌(1946)夏日,仿宋元人四意,並書惲香山語。
    (四)仿大癡道人。爰。
    (五)逸品之畫,言似近而遠愈甚,似無而有逾甚。其嫩處如金,秀處如鐵,所以為貴,未易為俗人言也。
    (六)仿雲林。
    (七)寂而能動,巨然之筆,於文字中比擬,今則歸震川,昔則韓昌黎。今人胸次何如,而漫稱巨然也。
    (八)仿巨然。

    鈐印:大千、蜀客、大風堂、爰、大千居士、張爰之印、三千大千、張爰、張大千、蜀客、張季、大千

    註:自古以來,江南地區所謂出門換行頭,不僅指的是身上衣服,同時包括手上的一把折扇,所謂「千金難換一紙扇」一說也由此而來。加之扇面幅不盈尺,且有弧度,對畫家構圖技巧要求頗高。一幅精美的扇面,所花費的功夫絕不遜於數倍尺幅的大畫,故一扇動輒千金,便不出奇了。

    這把擬宋元四家格錦成扇,作於一九四六年,值大千敦煌歸來,創作力蓬然勃發,集其最擅寫之巨、夏、倪、黃於一,間以惲香山論畫句,不論構圖、筆墨、設色、書法乃至鈐印,無一不臻精妙,為近年市場所僅見,彌足珍貴。

    格錦四景中,尤以仿南宋夏圭者最為稀見。夏圭(約1194-1125)字禹玉,浙江錢塘人。宋寧宗時(1194-1224)畫院待詔。擅山水、人物,與馬遠齊名,時稱「馬夏」。兩人皆追摹李唐,由斧劈皺及斜角構圖,發展出獨特的南宋山水樣式,「其意尚蒼古而簡淡」,夏圭作樓閣亭台,「不用尺界,只信手為之,筆意精密,奇怪突兀,氣韻頗高。」

    本幅構圖應取自夏圭《溪山清遠圖》卷(現藏台北故宮),畫中江天水色相互交融,前景巨石聳立,遠處煙水蒼茫,雲山幾抹,若有似無,意境清曠飄渺,格調高古。再讀其錄惲香山論畫句,「故予於馬夏輩,亦偶變而為之」,「逸品之畫,言似近而遠愈甚,似無而有逾甚。其嫩處如金,秀處如鐵,所以為貴,未易為俗人言也」,大千恃才傲物,原不過是借香山之口,道夫子胸臆耳。
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