BARDEEN, JOHN, and WALTER BRATTAIN. Physical Principles Involved in Transistor Action. Pp 1208-1225 in
Lot 96
BARDEEN, JOHN, and WALTER BRATTAIN.
Physical Principles Involved in Transistor Action. Pp 1208-1225 in
Sold for US$ 4,000 inc. premium

Lot Details
BARDEEN, JOHN, and WALTER BRATTAIN.
Physical Principles Involved in Transistor Action. Pp 1208-1225 in Physical Review vol. 75, no 8. Lancaster: American Physical Society, 1949.
4to. Original printed wrappers, light wear to spine.

FIRST EDITION of the first comprehensive report on the transistor, arguably the most important invention of the 20th century. First announced in three short letters in July 1948, followed by this comprehensive report, the breakthrough was made by a group of scientists working at Bell Labs, led by Shockley and Walter Morgan. They attempted to use an electrical field to affect the conductivity of a semiconductor, but were unable to yield any results until Bardeen suggested that surface states of the materials used in the semiconductors might be preventing the electrical fields from penetrating them. This led them to four patentable transistor designs. In 1956, Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley shared the Nobel Prize in Physics "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect."
Activities
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Arms & Armour, Coins & Medals, Motor Cars, Motorcycles, and Wine & Whisky:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first $250,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from $250,001 to $4,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12.5% on the excess over $4,000,001 of the Hammer Price

Payment Notices

Payment for purchases may be made in or by (a) cash, (b) cashier's check or money order, (c) personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank, (d) wire transfer or other immediate bank transfer, or (e) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit, charge or debit card. A processing fee will be assessed on any returned checks. Please note that the amount of cash notes and cash equivalents that can be accepted from a given purchaser may be limited.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Adam Stackhouse
    Specialist - Books, Maps, Manuscripts and Historical Photographs
    Bonhams
    Work
    220 San Bruno Avenue
    San Francisco, United States 94103
    Work +1 415 503 3266
    FaxFax: +1 415 861 8951
Similar Items