Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period (2)
Lot 29
Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups
Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period
HK$ 1,800,000 - 2,200,000
US$ 230,000 - 280,000

Lot Details
Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period (2) Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period (2) Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period (2)
Two very rare enamelled 'scholar and fisherman' wine cups
Yongzheng six-character marks and of the period
Each delicately potted with gently curved sides raised on a slightly recessed base, the first exquisitely enamelled on the exterior with a continuous scene portraying a scholar leisurely seated beside a pine tree with his arms resting on the tree trunk, the reverse with a jagged rockwork and an iron-red seal mark reading zhuju, the second vividly depicting a fisherman wading in shallow water amidst a bamboo grove and rockwork with his arms outstretched forward in an attempt to catch a snipe and a clam. 7cm (2 3/4in) diam. (2).

Footnotes

  • 清雍正 五彩「蒼松高仕」及「鷸蚌相爭」圖小杯兩件
    青花「大清雍正年製」楷書款

    Provenance:
    An English private collection
    Sold in our London Rooms, 13 May 2010, lot 340

    來源:
    英國私人舊藏
    倫敦邦瀚斯,2010年5月13日,拍品編號340

    The present pair of cups is very rare, belonging to a small group of exquisitely enamelled polychrome wares, including cups, small bowls and saucer-dishes, finely decorated with scholars in idealised natural retreats, dating to the early part of the Yongzheng reign. Compare two closely related bowls (9.6cm diam.), Yongzheng marks and period, the first decorated with a scholar and attendant by a riverbank gazing at geese, and the second with a scholar leaning on a pine tree, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Porcelains in Polychrome and Contrasting Colours, Hong Kong, 1999, nos.155-156; see also a related polychrome enamelled bowl and cover, Yongzheng marks and period, enamelled with Zhongli Quan seated near a pine tree and Zhang Guolao with his mule, in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, museum no.597&A-1907.

    The subject on one of the cups showing the fisherman attempting to catch the fighting snipe and clam, is taken from the ancient Chinese literature of the Warring States period Zhan Guo Ce, 'Strategies of the Warring State'. The text describes the strategies and political views of the School of Diplomacy and reveals the historical and social characteristics of the period; the text records the story of the envoy Su Dai from the State of Yan who successfully convinced King Hui of Zhao to abandon his plan for an invasion by telling him the story that when snipe and clam fight, the fisherman gets both and neither of the rivals win.

    小杯敞口,弧腹,臥足。其中一杯外壁五彩通景繪鷸蚌相爭圖,河邊飾山石錯落,蘆葦叢生,流水潺潺,淺灘處一隻鷸鳥欲啄食蚌肉,頭部夾在蚌殼之中,正撲翅掙扎,近處一漁翁身背魚簍,挽起褲腿及袖子,雙手探出,正逐步靠近正在爭鬥的鷸和蚌,準備將其捉住。刻畫細緻,畫面生動。另一杯則以五彩繪一蒼松高仕圖,一高仕依樹幹凝思,樹幹一直延伸至外壁另一面,並襯以洞石,間以一「竹居」紅印。兩杯底部均書青花方形雙框「大清雍正年製」楷書款。

    雍正一朝,因逐漸注重粉彩,傳世之五彩瓷極為稀少,所見者皆為精品。此對杯造型規整靈巧,釉面光亮勻淨,釉色清新淡雅,調配得當,繪工細膩,用筆纖細,人物景緻的佈局縮小,頗有康熙晚期官窯瓷器繪畫遺風,屬於雍正早期作品。雍正時期的釉上五彩繪畫,受當時淡雅風格的影響,摻入了粉彩的多層次技法,繪畫清新靜謐。北京故宮博物院藏兩件清雍正五彩人物圖小杯,其釉彩施用及繪畫風格均為類似,見《故宮博物院藏文物珍品大系:五彩·鬥彩》,香港,2007年,編號155及156,另見同著錄一件清雍正五彩蝙蝠葫蘆紋盌,同樣帶有青花雙框六字雙行楷書底款,編號157;另對比英國維多利亞及阿爾伯特博物館藏一件清雍正五彩繪八仙人物蓋碗,其用彩及繪畫風格相類,館藏編號597&A-1907。


    「鷸蚌相爭」典出《戰國策·燕策》。戰國時期,趙國伐燕,謀士蘇代為燕國遊說趙惠王:「今者臣來,過易水。蚌方出曝,而鷸啄其肉,蚌合而箝其喙。鷸曰:「今日不雨,明日不雨,即有死蚌!」蚌亦謂鷸曰:「今日不出,明日不出,即有死鷸」兩者不肯相舍,漁者得而並禽之。今趙且伐燕,燕趙久相支,以弊大眾。臣恐強秦之為漁夫也。故願王熟計之也。」最後趙惠王停止出兵攻打燕國。
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