Citroën  2CV Sahara 4x4 1962
Lot 382
Citroën 2CV Sahara 4x4 1962
€ 85,000 - 125,000
US$ 100,000 - 150,000

Lot Details
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Citroën 2CV Sahara 4x4 1962
Châssis n° 0332
Moteur avant n° 4005000406
Moteur arrière n° 5400064

•Rare version 4x4 de la 2CV
•En bon état de marche
•Immatriculée en France

La Citroën 2 CV, l'une des grandes classiques de la production de masse de l'après-guerre aux côtés des Volkswagen Coccinelle, Mini et Land Rover, a fait ses débuts en 1949. Destinée à offrir un moyen de transport basique dans l'austère période de l'après-guerre, la 2 CV a largement dépassé ses humbles objectifs pour atteindre le statut de véhicule culte et devenir l'une des voitures préférées de l'automobiliste éco-responsable. Bien que son modeste deux cylindres à plat refroidi par air de 375 cm3 d'origine ait cédé la place à un 602 cm3, les performances de la 2 CV sont restées relativement modestes avec une vitesse de pointe d'environ 110 km/h à fond, bien que cela n'ait pas eu une grande importance aux yeux de ses adeptes pour qui son habitabilité, sa capote intégrale et sa frugalité étaient de loin les plus importants. Ce fut une triste journée lorsque la dernière 2 CV construite en France quitta l'usine de Levallois en 1988, même si la production se prolongea au Portugal pendant deux années supplémentaires.

L'une des plus inattendues parmi les nombreuses versions de la 2 CV, et sûrement la plus recherchée aujourd'hui, est la quatre roues motrices Sahara qui, de façon inhabituelle fait appel à un second moteur pour entraîner ses roues arrière. Cet ingénieux moyen de procurer une traction intégrale avait été essayé par un concessionnaire Citroën et, à la fin des années 1950, l'usine avait décidé d'en produire une version officielle, destinée principalement aux rudes terrains désertiques des colonies françaises d'Afrique du nord. Les premiers prototypes avaient été dévoilés à la presse en 1958, la véritable production ne démarrant qu'en décembre 1960. En plus du moteur additionnel, la Sahara était doté d'un châssis spécial, de suspensions renforcées, de jantes plus larges, d'un second réservoir de carburant (sous les sièges avant) et de nombreuses autres modifications pour affronter les terrains et les climats les plus rudes. En 1962, à la suite de l'accession à l'indépendance de l'Algérie, Citroën abandonna le nom de Sahara et la voiture fut rebaptisée 2 CV 4x4. On estime qu'il en fut construit environ 700 sous les deux désignations.

Vendue avec sa carte grise française, cette rare et séduisante Citroën a été partiellement restaurée il y a dix ans et se présente en bon état de marche, prête pour de prochaines aventures.

1962 Citroën 2CV Sahara 4x4
Chassis no. 0332
Engine no. 4005000406 (front)
Engine no. 5400064 (rear)

•Rare 4x4 2CV variant
•In good working order
•Registered in France

Ranking alongside the Volkswagen Beetle, Mini, and Land Rover as one of the classic mass-produced cars of the post-war era, Citroën's quirky 2CV debuted in 1949. Intended to provide basic transport in a period of post-war austerity, the 2CV outlived its humble beginnings, going on to attain cult status as the favoured car of the environmentally concerned motorist. Although the original 375cc air-cooled flat-twin engine grew eventually to 602cc, the 2CV's performance remained relatively modest at around 110km/h flat-out, not that that concerned the majority of its devotees for whom the roomy interior, full-length sunroof and frugal fuel consumption were of far greater importance. It was a sad day for many when the last French-built 2CV left the Levallois factory in 1988, although production continued in Portugal for two more years.

One of the more unusual of the many 2CV variants, and certainly among the most collectible today, is the four-wheel drive 'Sahara' which, unusually, used a second engine to drive the rear wheels. This ingenious means of providing all-wheel drive had already been tried by some Citroën dealers, and by the end of the 1950s the factory had decided to produce its official version, which was intended mainly for use in the rough desert terrain of France's North African colonies. The first prototypes were shown to the motoring press in 1958, with production proper commencing in December 1960. As well as the additional engine, the Sahara featured a special chassis, reinforced suspension, wider wheel rims, twin fuel tanks (beneath the front seats) and countless other modifications to enable the car to cope with difficult terrain and climate. In 1962, following Algeria's independence, Citroën dropped the 'Sahara' name and the car became the '2CV 4x4'. It is estimated that approximately 700 of both designations were built.

Offered with a French Carte Grise, this rare and most charming Citroën was partially restored some 10 years ago and is presented in good working order, ready for its next adventure.
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