DARWIN, CHARLES, AND ALFRED WALLACE.
"On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection." [Extracted from: Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Zoology. Vol. III. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts, and Williams and Norgate, August, 1858.]
8vo (225 x 137 mm). Pp 45-62. Comprising an introduction by Charles Lyell and Joseph Hooker and three papers: "Extract from an unpublished Work on Species by C. Darwin," "Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin ... to Asa Gray, Boston, U.S., dated Down, September 5th, 1857," and "On the Tendency of Varieties to depart indefinitely from the Original Type" by Wallace. Bound in modern full morocco, spine gilt-lettered.
THE FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION BY NATURAL SELECTION as presented to the Linnean Society on July 1, 1858, predating the publication of On the Origin of Species by more than a year. "In June 1858 Darwin received a letter from Wallace, then in the Malay Archipelago, which, in Darwin's own words, 'contained exactly the same theories as mine ... If Wallace had my manuscript sketch written in 1842, he could not have made a better abstract' ... Lyell and Hooker suggested simultaneous publication of Wallace's paper and passages from Darwin's unpublished monograph" (PMM) and in the foreword they argue for Darwin's priority. Neither author was present at the historic reading; Darwin was mourning his son and Wallace was still in Borneo. Freeman 347; Grolier/Horblit 23a; Grolier Medicine 70a; Norman 592; Printing and the Mind of Man 344a.