1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614
Lot 381* N
1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster
Coachwork by Carrozzeria Pavesi & Crespi Registration no. Not UK registered Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614
Sold for £348,700 (US$ 466,471) inc. premium

Lot Details
1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614 1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster  Chassis no. 3614 Engine no. 3614
1911 Isotta-Fraschini Tipo PM Roadster
Coachwork by Carrozzeria Pavesi & Crespi

Registration no. Not UK registered
Chassis no. 3614
Engine no. 3614

*Premier marque
*One of an estimated three survivors
*Rare Italian coachbuilder
*Fully restored

Footnotes

  • The Isotta-Fraschini was Italy's prestige car, just as Rolls-Royce was Britain's and the Hispano-Suiza France's. All were rivals and each claimed the title of 'best car in the world'. Founded in Milan in 1898 by partners Cesare Isotta and Vincenzo Fraschini, Isotta-Fraschini started out as Renault agents and exhibited the first car of its own, a single-cylinder, 5hp voiturette, at the 1901 Milan Expo. A twin-cylinder model was on offer in 1902, which was quickly followed by a range of four-cylinder cars built along Mercedes lines. Designer Giustino Cattaneo arrived in 1905 and over the next three years introduced nine new models as the 'old' Isottas were phased out. He would be responsible for all of the company's cars up to 1933. Cattaneo's first designs were all four-cylinder models, one of which would form the basis of Robert Bamford and Lionel Martin's first 'Aston Martin' special of 1914. Production expanded and by 1906 Isotta-Fraschini was second only to FIAT among Italian manufacturers, albeit a long way behind with 300 cars built compared to the 1,800 of its Turin-based rival.

    In collaboration with Vincenzo's brother, Oreste Fraschini, Cattaneo devised an ingenious mechanism that enabled drum brakes to be mounted on the front axle, which was first shown at the Paris Salon in 1910. Despite the scepticism of many, Isotta introduced front-wheel brakes on some of its production cars for 1911 and by 1914 they were standard on its larger models, making Isotta-Fraschini the first motor manufacturer to produce a commercially viable front-wheel braking system. A bewildering variety of models numbering almost 40 was produced up the World War I, including some limited-edition racers powered by overhead-camshaft 16-valve engines.

    The company was soon making a name for itself in competition and would continue to enjoy success for many years. In June 1902 Oreste Fraschini had taken 2nd place in the Sassi-Superga hill climb while five years later the marque scored a resounding victory in the tough Coppa Florio race and also won the Briarcliff Trophy. In 1908 Isotta-Fraschini won the Briarcliff again and took 2nd place in the Vanderbilt Cup. Further victories were achieved at Lowell, Long Island and Savannah, and Isottas were the highest-placed four-cylinder racers in the Coupe des Voiturettes. In 1913 three Isotta-Fraschinis were entered in the Indianapolis 500 race, becoming the first cars with four-wheel brakes to compete in that event. Records show that among the Isotta-Fraschini drivers in 1920 was a young Italian named Enzo Ferrari.

    Isotta-Fraschini built many fine cars prior to WWI but is best remembered today for the Cattaneo-designed Tipo 8 and its derivatives. Introduced in August 1919 as the result of Isotta's switch to a one-model policy, the massively built Tipo 8 was the world's first series production straight eight. Its magnificent engine was a 5.9-litre, overhead-valve unit producing 80bhp at a lowly 2,200rpm; a nine-bearing crankshaft, alloy cylinder block, and magneto ignition were features. Chassis details included a three-speed gearbox, multi-plate clutch, semi-elliptic springing and coupled four-wheel brakes. By contrast, Rolls-Royce did not fit four-wheel brakes until 1925.

    Conceived as a chauffeur-driven luxury conveyance, the Tipo 8 was aimed at the United States market where it was the choice of such world-famous film stars as Rudolph Valentino and 'It Girl' Clara Bow. Other Isotta owners in the United States included press baron William Randolph Hearst (Orson Wells' real-life model for 'Citizen Kane') and world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey. Customers closer to home included the Queen of Rumania, the King of Italy, Pope Pius XI, Benito Mussolini and a host of European princes, while King Fuad of Egypt, King Faissal of Iraq, the Aga Khan and various Indian maharajahs all bought Isottas. The company's claim that it produced 'The Aristocrat of Automobiles' was no idle boast.

    The car offered here is one of the Tipo 8's illustrious ancestors - the Tipo PM - a 6.0-litre four-cylinder sidevalve model equipped with chain final drive. Reliable, stylish and quick, like all its maker's creations, Tipo PM was produced from 1911 through 1912 with only 60 chassis being built, of which it is estimated that only three survive. Chassis number '3614' carries two-seat roadster coachwork by Carrozzeria Pavesi & Crespi of Milan, an established carriage-maker that bodied its first automobile around 1900. The firm only existed for a dozen more years and examples of its work are extremely rare.

    This Tipo PM was purchased in December 1986 from one Edward Lucas Ferris II by Roger J 'Joe' Locey of Chardon, Ohio. In 2001 Locey sold '3614' to noted 'brass car' collector, Richard King. Documents relating to these changes of ownership are on file together with a State of California Certificate of Title. An extensive restoration was carried out circa 2011/2012, returning the original coachwork to the chassis. Upon the restoration's completion this beautiful Isotta-Fraschini took 2nd in class at the 2012 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance.

    Please note this Lot will be subject to the reduced import tax of 5% should it remain in the EU.
Activities
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

Under the Buyer's Agreement, a premium (the Buyer's
Premium) is payable to us by the Buyer in accordance with the terms of the Buyer's Agreement and at rates set out below, calculated by reference to the Hammer Price and payable in addition to it. Storage charges and Expenses
are also payable by the Buyer as set out in the Buyer's Agreement
All the sums payable to us by the Buyer are subject to VAT
For this Sale the following rates of Buyer's Premium will be payable by Buyers of Lots:

Motor Cars and Motorcycles
15% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
12% from £50,001 of the Hammer Price

Automobilia
25% up to £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 of the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer price

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, cheque with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveller's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Lot symbols
* Import low rate

VAT on imported items at a preferential rate of 5% on Hammer Price and the prevailing rate on Buyer's Premium.

N NOVA declaration

If purchased by a UK resident, this machine is subject to a NOVA declaration, undertaken by Bonhams upon a successful sale, to facilitate the registration of the machine here in the UK.

Contacts
  1. Sholto Gilbertson
    Specialist - Motor Cars
    Bonhams
    Work
    101 New Bond Street
    London, United Kingdom W1S 1SR
    Work +44 20 7468 5809
    FaxFax: +44 20 7468 5802
Similar Items