1904 Talbot CT4V-B 12/16-hp Brougham  Chassis no. 90 Engine no. 4446
Lot 1249
1904 Talbot CT4V-B 12/16-hp Brougham
Registration no. SD 1534 Chassis no. 90 Engine no. 4446
£350,000 - 450,000
US$ 600,000 - 770,000
Lot Details
1904 Talbot CT4V-B 12/16-hp Brougham
Registration no. SD 1534
Chassis no. 90
Engine no. 4446


  • It was in 1903 that the British Automobile Commercial Syndicate Limited formed a new company named Clement-Talbot Limited. The "Clement" in the name stood for French entrepreneur Adolphe Clément, who had started in the cycle industry as a repairer as early as 1876 and rapidly became a leading manufacturer. He made a considerable fortune by acquiring the French manufacturing rights for Dunlop bicycle tyres, and his Gladiator bicycle factory was making motor tricycles as early as 1895, soon followed by experimental voiturettes.

    Complex business deals saw Clément involved in the manufacture of Clément and Gladiator cars, but he resigned in October 1903 to start a new motor manufacturing company. Unable to use his name on the cars he was building at its factory in Mézières, he changed his name to Clément-Bayard; the cars from Mézières were known as Clément-Bayards or Bayards.

    Clement-Talbot, which took the "Talbot" element of its name from its name from the BACS Chairman, the Earl of Shrewsbury & Talbot, opened a factory in Ladbroke Grove, Kensington, in 1904 to assemble Clément-Bayards in Britain. Initially, cars were badged as "Clement-Talbots", soon becoming simply "Talbots", with cars being imported as kits of parts from Mézières. Assembly soon turned to manufacture, and the first wholly-English Talbot was produced in August 1905.

    The Clément-Talbots were cars of high quality, acknowledged as being "in the front rank of light automobiles". They had strong hydraulically-pressed "chromic-nickel" steel channel chassis with integral front dumbirons and live rear axles; in mid-1904 a new range was introduced which replaced the 1903 models with their pair-cast L-head cylinders with cars whose engines had separate T-head cylinders. This seemingly retrograde step was made in the interests of standardisation or, as The Autocar grandiloquently put it: "The whole driving economy varies only in the number and bore and stroke of the cylinders, the scantlings being the same throughout, whether the engine has four cylinders or two."

    Included in the range were two four-cylinder 12-hp models, the 12/14-hp CT4V and the 12/16-hp CT4V-B; they differed principally in the capacity of the engines, the 12/14-hp engine having an 80mm bore and a swept volume of 2413cc and the 12/16 having an 85mm bore and a displacement of 2724cc. Both had four-speed and reverse quadrant changes and propellor shaft drive with a single universal joint aft of the gearbox.

    Acquired by Michael Banfield in the 1970s, this car is the 12/16-hp version, and has a particularly impressive Brougham body which has been restored to an extremely high standard. Interior trim of the closed rear compartment is in Bedford cord with fine coach braiding, while the driver's seat is in black leather. A speaking tube complete with rubber bulb-actuated signal enables communication between the sybarites in the rear and the chauffeur.

    Finished in Royal Blue, with red and gold coachlining, the body bears the crest of the Worshipful Company of Carmen – of which Michael was an active Liveryman – on the rear doors. Like several of Michael's vehicles, the Talbot was ceremoniously "branded" by the Master of the Carmen in the annual Cart-Marking Ceremony at Guildhall in 2005.

    No finer or more luxurious way of progressing to Brighton in November could be imagined than this handsome veteran, which has been officially dated as 1904 by the Veteran Car Club. According to our information, this Talbot has not previously taken part in the Brighton Run: the successful buyer will still be in time to enter this car for next November's Run, in which it will surely be the outstanding "debutante".
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