RUHLEBEN CAMP Archive relating to Reginald Friend, internee at Ruhleben Camp, mostly Bochum and Ruhleben, 1914 to 1919
Lot 123
RUHLEBEN CAMP
Archive relating to Reginald Friend, internee at Ruhleben Camp, mostly Bochum and Ruhleben, 1914 to 1919
Sold for £1,250 (US$ 2,006) inc. premium

Lot Details
RUHLEBEN CAMP
Archive relating to Reginald Friend, internee at Ruhleben Camp, comprising approximately 40 real photo postcards and 50 further photographs, 26 carbon copies of mostly typed letters, 18 issues of In Ruhleben Camp, 9 mimeographed Ruhleben newsletters, prospectuses of work at the Camp School for 5 terms, approximately 100 theatre programmes, and various other Ruhleben ephemera (including Vegetable Card for Horticultural Society, coupons for hot water, season ticket for Arts & Sciences Union, Camp School membership cards, soup portion card, 2 postcards, weekly timetables of lessons etc., programmes of events for Camp Sports, Cricket Association programme, Cricket Club subscription receipt, reference library member's ticket, and YMCA membership card), some dust-soiling and light wear, mostly Bochum and Ruhleben, 1914 to 1919

Footnotes

  • In early 1914, Reginald Friend of Forest Hill, London, was working for the Deutsche Ammoniak-Verkaufs-Vereinigung in Bochum, between Dortmund and Essen. Friend's letters between April and October 1914 give hints of his concern as the inevitability of war sinks in. On the day Germany declared war on Russia, he plans to "wait calmly here until anything happens to disturb the present peace between England and Germany"; by mid-September, he feels that "England has made a terrible mistake in declaring war" given Germany's "enthusiasm" and "wonderfully thorough organisation". Remarkably, in October he was still working for the chemicals company, "receiving full salary" and "being treated in a most generous and considerate manner by [his] employers".

    The roughly 5,000 British men who were in Germany when war broke out were not rounded up until November. Around that time Friend's correspondence ends, and Ruhleben Camp life begins. The Camp perfectly embodied strength in adversity, and its inmates fashioned an alternative Britain for themselves, with cricket matches, 'Bond Street' (a parade of shops), amateur dramatics, concerts, an offshoot of the Royal Horticultural Society, a thriving press, and inevitably a class structure. (Some former public schoolboys apparently paid less well-off internees to wait on them.) The photographs in the present archive depict scenes around camp, acting troupes in remarkably elaborate costume, and Friend himself, many captioned in pencil on verso and sent back to family in London.
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Books (UK)
    Specialist - Books, Maps, Manuscripts and Historical Photographs
    Bonhams
    Work
    Work +44 20 7393 3828
    FaxFax: +44 20 7393 3879
Similar Items