WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE.
Manuscript, 2 pp recto and verso, 8vo, n.p., November 27, 1776 to January 2, 1777, cross-written at left margin and on verso, leaf disbound, mildly creased and toned, trimmed at margins, mounting remnants to verso.
SOLDIER'S MEMORANDUM OF CROSSING THE DELAWARE. George Washington's crossing of the Delaware, an immortalized moment of the Revolutionary War, was actually the first move in a surprise attack against Hessian forces in Trenton. The night of December 25, Washington ferried his troops across the icy Delaware and led a surprise attack on the morning of the 26th, and led other successful attacks in the following week before retiring to winter quarters at Morristown.
This anonymous manuscript, written in a close, 18th century hand, details in very plain language the movements of the continental troops from late November through January. Most of the time is spend marching back and forth, 12 to 17 miles a day between various cities in New Jersey and Philadelphia: "Dec 20 we Lay Still Dec 21 march to Newton 14 miles. Dec 24 marched 1 mile to another grove of wood and encampd. Dec 25 in after noon received orders to march to Trenton accordingly at 10 o'clock at night we Crost the Delaware the morning of the 26 attackt Trenton and Took it the Same Day marchd Back 10 miles and ... crost the river that Night & got all over 12 o'clock of the 27...."