BILLY THE KIDLINCOLN COUNTY WAR.
WALLACE, LEWIS. Proclamation by the Governor. For the information of the people of the United States, and of the citizens of New Mexico in especial, the undersigned announces that the disorders lately prevalent in Lincoln County in said Territory, have been happily brought to an end.... Santa Fé: November, 13, 1878.
Letterpress broadside, 254 x 202 mm, in 2 columns, in English and Spanish.
WITH: Original Transmittal Letter Signed ("Lew Wallace") as Governor, 1 p, 4to, Santa Fé, November 19, 1878, to Félipe Chaves, Probate Judge.
NEW MEXICO TERRITORIAL BROADSIDE AT THE END OF THE LINCOLN COUNTY WAR proclaiming amnesty for some of the participants, in English and Spanish.
The Lincoln County war was a brutal series of revenge killings over control of the dry goods trade in New Mexico Territory. It is most famous for the large number of semi-mythical gunfighters involved, including outlaw Billy the Kid, county Sheriffs William J. Brady and Pat Garrett, cattle rancher John Chisum, lawyer and businessman Alexander McSween, and general store owner L.G. Murphy. The Murphy-Dolan faction were allied with the Lincoln County Sheriff, William J. Brady, and supported by the Jessie Evans Gang. The Tunstall-McSween faction organized their own posse known as the Lincoln County Regulators and had town constable Dick Brewer on their side. The first death was that of Tunstall at the hands of the Jessie Evans Gang. Then Sheriff Brady was killed by the Regulators. The murders continued for several months, climaxing in the Battle of Lincoln, a four-day gunfight in July of 1878 which resulted in the death of McSween and the flight of the Regulators.
The present broadside dates to a few months after the Battle of Lincoln but well before Pat Garrett's arrival and hunting down of the most notorious Regulator, Billy the Kid, in 1880. The Kid, of course, was exempt from this amnesty; to the contrary, Governor Wallace called for a $500 reward for his capture.