Patrick Heron (British, 1920-1999) 3 Cadmiums, 5 Discs 76.8 x 102.2 cm. (30 1/4 x 40 1/4 in.) (unframed)
Lot 119AR
Patrick Heron
(British, 1920-1999)
3 Cadmiums, 5 Discs 76.8 x 102.2 cm. (30 1/4 x 40 1/4 in.) (unframed)
Sold for £62,500 (US$ 101,175) inc. premium

Lot Details
Patrick Heron (British, 1920-1999)
3 Cadmiums, 5 Discs
signed, titled and dated 'PATRICK HERON/3 CADMIUMS, 5 DISCS:/APRIL 1966' (verso)
oil on canvas
76.8 x 102.2 cm. (30 1/4 x 40 1/4 in.)
(unframed)

Footnotes

  • Provenance
    With The Waddington Galleries, London
    Ms. Vivien Gough-Cooper

    Painted in April of 1966 Three Cadmiums, Five Discs is an early example of, as the artist referred to them, the 'wobbly hard-edge' paintings. These abstract meditations of composition and colour interaction, defined by the absolute edges between colour plains, were the central component of the artist's practice for more than a decade. Mel Gooding, partly employing the language of James Joyce, remarks that 'These paintings are among Herons most exuberantly playful; they are, above all, expressions of delight in the ineluctable modalities of the visible' (Mel Gooding, Patrick Heron, Phaidon, London, 1994, p.185)

    Heron's work from this period owes its heritage to the post-war American Colour Field and Abstract Expressionist painters that he had been such a keen advocate of throughout the 1950s. These artists, such as Mark Rothko, Kenneth Nolan and Jackson Pollock, had rapidly become the dominant and accepted greats but in 1965, a year prior to the execution of the present work, Heron spoke out publically for the first time against what he now saw as an American hold over art. He felt this was becoming chauvinistic, overly academic and especially arid in its approach to craft which he stated was 'clinically impersonal, literally dead flat in quality' (op.cit, p.188). He was insistent that his work, and indeed British painting in general, must not succumb to such pitfalls. This initiative manifested itself in the 'wobbly hard-edge' paintings. In these works Heron would, in just a matter of purposeful seconds, mark out with charcoal the frontiers between each intended colour area, then laboriously apply the considered and uniformly flat colour in oil with a small Chinese watercolour brush in order to compose 'asymmetrical, unequal, disparate formal ingredients into a state of architectonic harmony' (loc.cit).

    The harmony of this particular composition masterfully rests on just three tones; deep red, red and orange cadmium. This is a combination that Heron returned to after the completion of similar works of the same year namely Three Cadmiums: January-April (Yale Center for British Art, New Haven) and Three Cadmiums, Four Discs (Government Art Collection). The present work comes from the estate of Vivien Gough-Cooper, a director of the Richard Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh from 1966. The gallery, under the guidance of Demarco and with the support of Gough-Cooper, represented artists such as Joseph Beuys and Marina Abramović and was also responsible for introducing much early performance art to Scotland. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s Vivien Gough-Cooper assembled an extensive and bold collection of some of Britain's foremost practitioners of visual art.
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Lot symbols
AR Artists Resale Right

Goods subject to Artists Resale Right Additional Premium.

Contacts
  1. Penny Day
    Specialist - Modern British and Irish Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    101 New Bond Street
    London, United Kingdom W1S 1SR
    Work +44 20 7468 8366
    FaxFax: +44 20 7447 7434
  2. Matthew Bradbury
    Specialist - Modern British and Irish Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    101 New Bond Street
    London, United Kingdom W1S 1SR
    Work +44 20 7468 8295
    FaxFax: +44 20 7447 7434
  3. Christopher Dawson
    Specialist - Modern British and Irish Art
    Bonhams
    Work
    101 New Bond Street
    London, United Kingdom W1S 1SR
    Work +44 20 7468 8296
    FaxFax: +44 20 7447 7434
Similar Items