JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864]
Lot 87
JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES)
Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864]
Sold for £14,375 (US$ 22,494) inc. premium

Lot Details
JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864] JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES) Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864]
JOHNSTON (EMMA FRANCES)
Archive of approximately 350 photographs dating from 1858-1864, together with contemporary manuscript 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', as follows:

(i) Album containing 63 portraits and 6 photographs of paintings, occasional light spotting to leaves, a few leaves loose, one with cuts, variously inscribed "Miss Johnston, Manor House, North End, Hampstead, N.W. 1864", "Miss Johnston / Photographs mostly about 1858", "16 Bayswater Terrace 1904", and "A.R. Hanson, March 1915", contemporary green morocco gilt by J. Kelly of 15 Gower Place, upper cover detached, 4to

(ii) Disbound album containing approximately 180 photographs, the vast majority being portraits but the final 15 architectural, some dated 1861-1864, inscribed "Miss Johnston", with Hampstead address crossed through and replaced with Bayswater address, "Photographs taken before the year 1864 (except a few)", covers and spine lacking, defective, 4to

(iii) Album containing 18 portraits, mid-nineteenth century cloth-backed marbled boards, small 4to

(iv) Album containing 48 portraits, printed at various dates in the nineteenth century, ownership inscription of A.R. Hanson, nineteenth century purple limp morocco, rubbed, small 4to

(v) 'Numerical Lists of Photographic Negatives and Index', manuscript on blue paper, 18 pages plus alphabetical index, inscribed "Emma F. Johnston, Jany 1858", contemporary half morocco by J. Kelly, upper cover detached, 8vo

(vi) Approximately 40 further loose photographs, mostly by Emma Johnston, generally captioned on verso in pencil or ink, together with approximately 120 cartes-de-visite by various photographers

Albumen and lightly albumenized salt prints (images generally 130 x 100mm.), a handful gelatin silver prints (item iv), tipped on at corners or loosely mounted in the albums, mostly captioned below, [Hampstead and elsewhere, 1858-1864]

Footnotes

  • REMARKABLE ARCHIVE OF AN AMATEUR VICTORIAN WOMAN PHOTOGRAPHER. Beginning around 1858, Emma Frances Johnston systematically recorded her friends and extended family - in effect the intellectual world of nineteenth century Hampstead. Several women experimented successfully with calotype photography from the 1840s, but the introduction of the wet collodion process in the '50s brought with it a new wave of amateur photographers. In Ireland, Lady Hawarden began to capture light around the same time as Emma Johnston, though not exhibiting until 1863. (An archive of Lady Hawarden's photographs was sold in these rooms on 19 March 2013, lot 107, for £95,000.) Also in 1863, Julia Margaret Cameron received a camera as a gift, and took up photography.

    Little is known about Miss Johnston. She was one of the two children of James, a solicitor, and Mary. Her sister Jane married the Reverend Hesketh Hanson, but Emma never married. The majority of her photographs seem to have been taken outdoors against a strung-up blanket (a hand caught steadying the backdrop in one image), presumably in the gardens of her home Manor House - although several pieces of furniture reappear in what a later caption describes as a Pond Street house. A few less formal group shots are en plein air. A few images show Manor House, North End Gardens, nearby cottages, etc. Miss Johnston also experimented with stereoscopic photography, her "Numerical List" detailing some 37 negatives; three survive in the present archive, depicting the photographer's mother and various children outdoors in Hampstead. The list of negatives is a particularly unusual survival. From it we learn that Miss Johnston made some three hundred exposures that she considered worth listing, with some marked "v" for "varnished".

    Sitters include: Emma Frances Johnston herself; her mother Mary Ellen Johnston; her sister Jane with others; James Hickson, solicitor, Highgate; Marianne and Adeline Ainger (sisters of Alfred 'Doubleday' Ainger, man of letters); Alfred himself; his father, the architect behind Emma's final home Bayswater Terrace; William Wilkinson Wardell (1823-1899), Australian architect of St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, and St. Patrick's, Melbourne; Frederick Erasmus Edwards and other geologist-palaeontologists; James De Carle Sowerby (1787-1871), son of the English Botany editor; George Robert Waterhouse (1810-1888), curator at the ZSL; Clarkson Stanfield R.A. (1793-1867), marine painter; a Farquhar Trezevant child in the doorway of a house on Pond Street; Theodore Trezevant (1806-1868) of South Carolina; Lady Hanson, wife of Sir Reginald Hanson (Lord Mayor of London) with her Bingley and Hawkes relations; Henry Alabaster (1836-1884), diplomat; Juno the dog; Joanna Mary Boyce (1831-1861), artist and Pre-Raphaelite sister; her brother George (1826-1897); Lydia Reed and sister, "our cook's children"; Harriet, "another cook and assistant photographer"; William Charles Thomas Dobson R.A. (1817–1898); "Charlie the good", a spaniel; "Bram the beautiful"; Rev Sam Hawkes (1832-1888), possibly a photograph of a daguerreotype.

    Miss Johnston died in 1905, a spinster of independent means.

    Provenance: Emma Frances Johnston (1834-1905, various inscriptions dated 1858, 1864 and 1904); her niece, Anne R. Hanson (ownership inscription dated March 1915); acquired by the present owner at auction in Elgin, Scotland.
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