Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12)
Lot 298
Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth
North India, Punjab, circa 1850
(12)
Sold for £3,750 (US$ 6,223) inc. premium
Auction Details
Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12) Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth North India, Punjab, circa 1850(12)
Lot Details
Twelve paintings depicting Sikh and Punjab figures, including Mul Raj, Dina Nath and a Sikh reading the Guru Granth
North India, Punjab, circa 1850
watercolours on watermarked paper (two watermarked 1850), four with embossed stamps in upper corner reading Commercial Post 1851 and an image of a sailing boat, all with identifying inscriptions in English and Persian in ink (in the case of four the inscriptions trimmed and mounted on the backboards), framed
the largest six 245 x 195 mm.; two 220 x 180 mm.; the remaining four 150 x 150 mm.(12)

Footnotes

  • The subjects of the paintings are as follows:

    1. Raja Dina Nath of the Royal Court, Pandit of Kashmir, of Delhi origin followed in Persian by: '[He is] the cause of pride among all people of the pen'. Raja Dina Nath (1795-1857) began as a military finance officer and rose to become finance minister to Maharajah Ranjit Singh in 1838. Lepel Griffin called him 'the Talleyrand of the Punjab' (L. Griffin, C. F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab, 1909).
    2. Heri Singh Nalwah Bahadur Jang, followed in Persian by: 'He has a turban on his head, tied a black shawl around his waist with a hanging dagger and with a soldier standing behind him prepared for action'. Hari Singh (1791-1837) was a senior commander of the army of Ranjit Singh. He took part in most of the battles which extended the Sikh empire almost up to the Khyber Pass, and was governor of Peshawar, Kashmir and Hazara. See W. G. Archer, Paintings of the Sikhs, London 1966, pp. 84-86.
    3. Diwan Mulraj who was the comfort of Multan, was the just man of the world and the hero of all times. Mul Raj was Governor of Multan from 1844. The murder of two British officers at Multan was a contributing factor to the second Anglo-Sikh War (October 1848-March 1849). He was captured in January 1849 and died about a year later.
    4. Rajah Suchet Singh (1801-44) was brother of Gulab Singh and Dhian Singh. The text in Persian reads 'That Raja who is admired by all who have seen him, with the end of his turban hanging and [holding] a sword'.
    5. A Gruntee, or Sikh who reads the Grant [sic]; A Kachmir Pandit; in Persian: 'Portrait of Singh Grantahi' and 'Portrait of Pandit of Kashmir'.
    6. Man of Scinda and a Parsi; in Persian: 'Portrait of a Sindhi'; 'Portrait of a Parsi'.
    7. wives of Kuhan [?] or bearers of Noorpoor, Zillah [district] Kangra; in Persian: 'Portraits of the wives of Kaharan Kuh [?] of Nurpur'.
    8. a soldier of the Najib. Jalandhar; a Sumburdar of the Jalandhar Zillah; in Persian: 'Portrait of a soldier of Bultun (?) Najib'; 'Portrait of sambur-dar [?] of the district of Jalandhar'.
    9. In Persian only: 'Portraits of [...] of Sikhaki [?]'
    10. Shums oo deen, son of Dost Muhammad of Kabul; in Persian: 'Portrait of Shams al-Din son of Amir Dust Muhammad, king of Kabul'. Not otherwise known.
    11. Portrait of Ranjit Singh of Jalandhar with a description of him in Persian verse form, in short (a few words have not been deciphered): 'A horseman of Afghan Jalandhar is Ranjit Singh with a gun on his shoulder; in appearance as soft as wax and in character as hard as iron and in bravery, prepared to sacrifice his life'.
    12. Raeen or cultivator of the Punjab, Jullandhar, and his wife; in Persian: 'Portraits of people of Ra'in of the district of Jalandhar'.
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