A Second World War D.S.O., D.F.C. and bar of ten to Group Captain B.Drake, Royal Air Force,
Lot 132
A Second World War D.S.O., D.F.C. and bar of ten to Group Captain B.Drake, Royal Air Force,
Sold for £84,000 (US$ 131,443) inc. premium

Lot Details
A Second World War D.S.O., D.F.C. and bar of ten to Group Captain B.Drake, Royal Air Force,
Distinguished Service Order, G.VI.R., in silver-gilt and enamel, dated 1942; Distinguished Flying Cross, G.VI.R., dated 1941 with second award bar dated 1942; 1939-1945 Star with Battle of Britain bar; Air Crew Europe Star with France and Germany bar; Africa Star with North Africa 1942-43 bar (later issue); Italy Star; War Medal; General Service Medal 1918-62, one bar, Malaya (Sqn. Ldr. B.Drake R.A.F.); Coronation 1953; U.S.A., Distinguished Flying Cross, engraved on reverse (Sq/L B.Drake DSO. DFC. & Bar R.A.F. 3-June-43, additionally numbered on lower limb (3989). The D.S.O. missing top suspension, otherwise very fine or better. (10)

Footnotes

  • D.S.O. London Gazette 4.12.1942.

    Recommendation states 'Squadron Leader Billy Drake D.F.C. and bar of No.112 Squadron: Since the award of a Bar to his D.F.C. on 28th July 1942 he has continued to lead his Squadron and the Wing with the utmost courage and audacity. On 1 September 1942, he was leading the Wing when they encountered a formation of Stukas and 109s. Such was the determination of his attack that four Stukas and one Me.109 were destroyed of which Squadron Leade Drake claimed two. He has also led a number of Kittyhawk and strafing attacks with devastating results. Squadron Leader Drake has destroyed 4.5 to 5.5 aircraft and probably destroyed two since the award of the Bar to his D.F.C., bringing his total to 14 destroyed and nine probables.

    D.F.C. London Gazette 7.1.1941.

    Recommendation states 'The success achieved by No.421 Flight in special reconnaissance duties and small offensive sweeps has been in a large measure due to the initiative, courage, perserverance and qualities of leadership displayed by Flight Lieutenant Drake. He has contributed greatly to the successful tactics now employed by his Flight in shadowing the movements of enemy aircraft. He contributed materially to the most successful reconnaissance reports obtained by this Unit on 29 October 1940, when information obtained and passed to Control by this Flight earned special commendation. Whilst with No.1 Squadron in France, he destroyed 4.5 enemy aircraft and has also probably destroyed a further three'.

    Bar to the D.F.C. London Gazette 28.7.1942.

    Recommendation states 'Squadron Leader Billy Drake, No.112 Squadron: On 17 June 1942, Squadron Leader Drake led his Squadron on the successful ground strafing of Gazala aerodrome when 21 aircraft were destroyed or damaged. In addition he has led over 50 fighter-bomber raids, each time dropping his bombs with accuracy, regardless of intense enemy flak put up by tanks and leaguers. This Officer has led his Squadron on every Squadron sortie in the latest Battle of Libya. By his courgae and devotion to duty and excessive energy, he has raised the morale and fighting efficiency of his Squadron to a very high level. His Squadron of Kittyhawks was the first to be equipped with bomb racks and it has now dropped over 500 bombs during the Battle. On many occasions he has had odirect hits on Motor Transport and has had at least one direct hit on a heavy German tank. After bombing he always leads his Squadron down to ground strafing. He has destroyed 5.5. enemy aircraft, five probable and has three damaged. This Officer's inspirational effect obtained by courage, dash and leadership, converted a Squadron that was cracking up and in difficulties into an outstanding fighter unit'.

    U.S.A. D.F.C. London Gazette 22.10.1943.


    Billy Drake was born in London on the 20th December 1941 to an English father and Australian mother. He was educated in Switzerland after several schools in England failed to cope with his lively temperament. On seeing an advertisement in the Aeroplane he joined the Royal Air Force, just before his 18th birthday, on a short service commission in July 1936. He was posted to 6 FTS, Netheravon on September 19 and with training completed joined No 1 Squadron at Tangmere on the 22nd May 1937, flying the Fury biplane fighter. In late 1938 the Squadron received Hurricanes.

    He went to France with No.1 Squadron in September 1939 which was posted to Neuville-sur-Ornain, near Reims. From here over the next few months patrols were taken over the coastal ports as ships carrying the British Expeditionary Force to the continent sailed across the Channel. After initial skirmishes ith the Luftwaffe, Drake and his colleagues saw little action during the cold months of the "Phoney War". Given the lack of radar in France the only warning being condensation trails in the sky. Thereafter squadrons were scrambled and action plans were developed en route. On the 20th April 1940 he destroyed a Messerchmitt Bf 109, on the 10th May a Heinkel 111 and on the 13th May he shot down a Dornier 17 and probably another but was jumped by some Bf 110's and shot down. He baled out of the aircraft and landed with back and leg injuries, he was taken to a French hospital and later flown back to an RAF hospital in England. He spent much of the Battle of Britain training fighter pilots but after some arm twisting he was allowed to join 213 Squadron who were based at Tangmere. On the 10th October he probably shot down a Bf 109 before heading to Gravesend to join a reconnaissance flight whose job was to fly over the English Channel looking for incoming German raiders.

    On December 7 he shared a Dornier 17. He was awarded his first Distinguished Flying Cross in January 1941, and was posted to 53 OTU at Heston in February as a Flying Instructor. He went overseas in early October 1941 and was based at Freetown in Sierra Leone as a Squadron Leader to command No.128 Squadron whose role was to provide defence for the nearby naval facilities. Vichy French bombers occasionally strayed into the airspace, and on the 13th December he intercepted one which refused his orders to land, with some regret he shot it down.

    Life in Sierra Leone was too quiet for Drake, and his efforts to see more action paid off at the end of March 1942 when he left to join a Kittyhawk fighter bomber squadron in the Western Desert. Two months later he was given command of 112 Squadron at Gambut on May 24. He claimed a probable Bf 109 on June 6, another probable on July 2, destroyed Bf 109's on July 8th and 24th, destroyed two Junkers 87s on September 1st, a Bf 109 on the 13th, shared a Ju 87 and probably destroyed another on October st1, got a probable Bf 109 on October 22nd, destroyed another on the 26th, a Mac 202 on the 27th, a Ju 87 on the 31st, a Bf 109 on November 5th, a He 111 on the 15th, a Bf 110 and another damaged on the 19th, a Mc 202 and a Bf 109 on December 11 and finally a shared Bf 109 on the 13th. In addition he strafed 15 aircraft on enemy landing grounds. He was awarded a bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross in July 1942 and awarded the Distinguished Service Order in December 1942.

    Interestingly by October 1942 he had destroyed 17 aircraft in the air with two others shared, a total exceeded in North Africa only by one other pilot, the Australian born Group Captain Clive "Killer" Caldwell.

    In January 1943 he was promoted to Wing Commander and posted to HQ RAF Cairo. He then took command of the Spitfire Wing in Malta in June 1943, and provided escort to USAAF bombers attacking Sicily, before returning to the UK he was credited with another six enemy aircraft destroyed. He received his American Distinguished Flying Cross in October 1943.

    He was appointed Wing Leader 20 Wing flying Typhoons, in late November 1943, and attacked the German V-1 sites in the Pas-de-Calais. With his experience of fighter and ground tactics, he was sent to instruct at the RAF Fighter Leaders' School. Despite being in a training appointment, he frequently absconded for a day to take part in attacks against targets in France. His operational career came to an end in August 1944 where he was sent to The USA on special duties. On his return to the UK he was made Deputy Commander at Biggin Hill and later went to HQ SHAEF to serve in the Operations Room. He took part in the 1945 Battle of Britain flypast.

    After the war he served in operational headquarters, first in Japan and then Singapore. In 1949 he was posted to the Fighter Leaders' School as a senior instructor, an appointment much to his liking and where he converted to jets. This was followed by his appointment as Wing Commander at Linton-on-Ouse near York, where he commanded three Meteor fighter squadrons. In 1956 Drake became the Controller of Fighter Command's Eastern Sector. But he still found time to persuade colleagues to allow him to fly their fighters two or three times a month. Two years later he left to be the Air attache in Switzerland spending the next three years in the country, a period he enjoyed greatly. He returned to the UK in 1962 and took command of the RAF's fighter training base at Chivenor in Devon, where he flew the Hawker Hunter. As a dedicated fighter pilot who had little interest in administration and staff work, he recognised that his flying days would soon be over. He therefore decided to retire from the Royal Air Force on the 1st July 1963, retaining the rank of Group Captain.

    He spent 20 years of his retirement in the Algarve, Portugal, where he managed properties and ran Billy's Bar. In 1993 he returned to live in Teignmouth, Devon. His other great passion was skiing where he captained the RAF ski team and made annual trips to Switzerland, skiing into his early nineties.

    He was known for wearing a cravat in the colours of English Epsom Derby winner Hyperion, later recalled, "By God, we had a good time. That's not to say we behaved the way Hollywood likes to portray Battle of Britain pilots. Of course, there were a few randy ruffians who would chase any girl. But generally we all had girlfriends, and we didn't use the war as an excuse to sleep with them. We were gentlemen".

    Billy Drake died at Teignmouth on the 28th August 2011, aged 93.
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Customer Services (UK)
    Customer Services
    Bonhams
    Work
    Work +44 20 7447 7447
    FaxFax: +44 20 7447 7401
  2. Coins (UK)
    General Enquiries
    Bonhams
    Work
  3. Shipping (UK)
    Logistics - Shipping
    Bonhams
    Work
    Work +44 20 7468 8302
    FaxFax: + 44 20 7629 9673
Similar Items