Dunbar Medal 1650,
Lot 1
Dunbar Medal 1650,
Sold for £1,440 (US$ 2,389) inc. premium
Lot Details
Dunbar Medal 1650,
19th Century striking in gold, after the original by Thomas Simon. Good very fine. (1)

Footnotes

  • This medal was the first medal whereby it was distributed to both officers and soldiers alike, though it is unlikely that a general distribution took place.

    The Scottish Presbyterian army of some 20,000 men commanded by David Leslie, threatened to invade England. They had several scores to settle, not least that Cromwell had executed their King, Charles I in 1849. In consequence they had crowned as king his son, Charles II. Fairfax, who commanded the smaller Parliamentary army of 16,000 men, refused to cross the border to attack them, though he would have led his army against them had they invaded. Fairfax resigned his command, and Cromwell was appointed Commander-in-Chief, or Lord General. Cromwell crossed into the border into Scotland in June, but sickness in the ranks forced him to withdraw to the plain of Dunbar. Leslie expected him to withdraw to the supply ships and came down from his defensive position on the hills. Cromwell saw his chance and attacked. Cromwell wrote to the Speaker Lenthall and stated "The best of the enemy's horse being broken through in less than an hour's dispute, their whole army being put into confusion, it became a total rout: our men having the chase and execution of them nearly eight miles.
    On the 7th September the House of Commons stated "that their special thanks be conveyed to the Lord-General for his eminent services at the great victory of Dunbar, and that His Excellency be desired to return their thanks also to the officers and soldiers of the army, and that a number of gold and silver medals be distributed amongst them.

    Cromwell suggested the design and Thomas Simon was specially ordered by Parliament to proceed to Scotland to take the 'effigies, portrait or statue of the Lord General to be placed on the medal'.
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