An important Louis XVI silver soup-tureen, cover and stand mark of Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris by Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris, the stand and cover 1779, the base and liner 1780 all with the ewer discharge mark of Henri Clavel
Lot 152*
An important Louis XVI silver soup-tureen, cover and stand mark of Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris
by Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris, the stand and cover 1779, the base and liner 1780 all with the ewer discharge mark of Henri Clavel
Sold for £128,500 (US$ 201,077) inc. premium

Lot Details
An important Louis XVI silver soup-tureen, cover and stand mark of Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris by Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris, the stand and cover 1779, the base and liner 1780 all with the ewer discharge mark of Henri Clavel
Property of a European Collector
An important Louis XVI silver soup-tureen, cover and stand mark of Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris
by Robert-Joseph Auguste, Paris, the stand and cover 1779, the base and liner 1780 all with the ewer discharge mark of Henri Clavel
The oval cover with berry and acanthus finial on an acanthus calyx and spreading flutes separated by matting with plain band to the edge, the base with outswept ribbon-tied laurel rim and applied laurel festoons draped from the acanthus junctions of the scrolling acanthus and reeded handles, on four outswept acanthus feet, the underside engrave with an armorial shield, the oval stand with central raised platform engraved with a coat of arms within laurel wreath with gadrooned border, with removable fitted liner with scrolling stub handles, engraved with an armorial shield, the base with four polished panels within matted frame separated by relief sunflowers with a ribbon-tied laurel border, raised on four protruding fluted feet, height 34cm, length of stand 52cm, weight 274oz.

Footnotes

  • The arms those of the Dukes of Cadaval

    Provenance:

    Count Brandolini, Christies, 5 July 1972, ex-lot 56.

    Count Brandolino Brandolini (1918-2005), was the grandson of Dona Maria José Àlvares Pereira de Melo, 8th Duke of Cadaval (1844-1913) and son of Cristina Agnelli.

    The Dukes of Cadaval have their origins in Dom Álvaro of Braganza, Lord of Tentúgal, Póvoa, Buarcos and Cadaval, 4th male son of Dom Ferdinand I, 2nd Duke of Braganza. Dom Álvaro married Dona Phillipa of Melo, the rich daughter and heir of Rodrigo Afonso de Melo, 1st. Count of Olivenza. The title was created on April 26, 1645, by King John IV of Portugal to his distant cousin, Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo (1638–1727), who was already 3rd Marquis of Ferreira and 5th Count of Tentúgal.

    Nuno was a general in the Portuguese Restoration War, which earned him prestige and achieved himself the title of Duke of Cadaval. Following the end of the war, he was made Constable of Portugal in the Portuguese Cortes of 1668. In June 1670, Nuno became a member of the Ultramarine Council, an administrative organ of the Portuguese Empire. In 1707, the Duke was made chief of the Portuguese army. He married Marguerite of Lorraine (17 November 1662 – 16 December 1730), daughter of Louis, Count of Armagnac.

    Robert-Joseph Auguste, (1723-ca.1805) was made master in 1757 but little is known of his indroduction to silversmithing: he was outside the usual apprentice sysem but worked for the King. Whilst little remains of his production from 1757 to 1770, after that we have evidence of a vast production for various foreign courts. The large size of his workshop could be compared to that of François-Thomas Germain: around 120 workmen in 1757, see Claire Corbellier, "Robert-Joseph Auguste, Silversmith-and Sculptor?" Metropolitan Museum Journal 31, p211ff.

    It is clear that Auguste was able to produce such vast services for his various clients by re-using designs and castings, both forms and details. Compare the berry and leaf finials, acanthus calyx and fluted detail the cover of the present lot to those on the Ekaterinoslav Service. The stands for the tureens are the same oval form with chased panel separated by flowerheads and having slightly projecting feet formed as capitals. Furthermore, the wine coolers from the Ekaterinoslav service have the same decorative idiom as those made for the Dukes of Cadaval sold at Christie's Geneva, 8 November 1977. See table 35 (reproduced here) from Baron A von Foelkersam: Inventaire de l'argenterie conservée dans les garde-meubles des palais impériaux, (Saint Petersburg, 1907).

    Interestingly, Jaques and Yvon Helft, the great French silver dealers, had for many years the Toilet Service of the 3rd Duchess of Cadaval, and often exhibited it at the same time as their pieces from the Russian Imperial Collections, Jacques Helft, Treasure Hunt: Memoirs of an Antique Dealer, (London 1957) plate 3.
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