The Nuremberg Trials: The Russel McCallum collection of papers on the International Miltary Tribunal October 1946
A set of legal files with accompanying mss notes to the court by the plaintiffs, for 20 of the 24 defendants in the opening trial of the International Military Tribunal held at Nuremberg, 20th November 1945 to 1 October 1946. Of the 20, 19 have the official verdict statements and one, for Robert Ley, without a verdict statement, because he had committed suicide on 25 October 1945. This set lacking any papers relating to Admiral Doenitz. Two others were indicted but not present at the hearings: Halbach for ill health, and Boorman, because he was not in custody. both were tried "in absentia." In addition there is an official communique from Colonel commandant, B.C. Andrus, dated 17 October 1946, titled "Deliverance Time of Convicts," a carbon file copy, detailing the hanging schedule of the "condemned convicts"; together with a group of 4 books comprising the official published text of this trial, the official text on the indictments of the further 12 trials held by the military tribunal, the war letters of Russel McCallum, and a tourist book of photogravure sketches of the Ruins of Nuremberg; with the original leatherette briefcase that the files were kept in.
Russel Paul McCallum, a medic to an infantry regiment landing in Normandy soon after 6 June 1944;
by descent to his nephew.
An important group of papers acquired from a secretary to the tribunal by Russel McCallum, a medic, possibly connected to the psychiatric case of Rudolf Hess. The whole group has a typed list and statement as to how they came into McCallum's possession by his heir, a nephew, in 1980. The manuscript additions to each file are fascinating, most take the form of pencil or crayon written requests in German to the court, to ask to change their defense lawyers. During the 11 month trial, 5 plaintiffs successfully changed their lawyers, most asking for American lawyers to represent them. With each note is a short translation in English typed up by the court. Hess has a particularly long file as it includes detailed examinations and psychiatric reports made by a French professor and a Russian doctor, in which they both conclude that he was not insane at the time of his crimes, but has suffered amnesia since, making him unable to defend himself.
The files include Jodl, Rosenberg, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Goering, and Speer. The full force of the legal minds from the US, Britain, France and Russia came together for this first show trial at Nuremberg. This was an international event closely followed around the world: the four judges , one from each power, held court for around 3 years, prosecuting over 300 plaintiffs, and in the process setting a standard of practice for questions of international and moral crimes. This ultimately led to the creation of the International Court of the Hague, which now serves that purpose.