An Extremely Rare 13-Bore Flintlock 1745 Pattern Lord Loudoun Light Infantry Carbine
Lot 281
An Extremely Rare 13-Bore Flintlock 1745 Pattern Lord Loudoun Light Infantry Carbine
By John 2 Bumford Of London, Dated 1745
Sold for £5,250 (US$ 7,123) inc. premium

Lot Details
An Extremely Rare 13-Bore Flintlock 1745 Pattern Lord Loudoun Light Infantry Carbine
By John 2 Bumford Of London, Dated 1745
With plain barrel (light pitting overall, slightly filed off at the touch-hole) with bayonet lug at the muzzle also forming the fore-sight, and struck twice beneath the breech with the barrelsmith's mark of Joseph Oughton, plain tang, signed rounded lock (cock and mainspring replaced), figured full stock (some old bruising, the fore-end in front of the forward ramrod-pipe replaced) with characteristic swelling at the rear ramrod-pipe, 1730 pattern tang apron with waved border, and stamped '29' on one side of the butt, and possibly with an Ordnance Storekeeper's mark on the other, brass mounts unique to this pattern including shaped rounded side-plate and dated escutcheon engraved 'Christian Heineken', sling loops (forward one replaced), and later brass-tipped wooden ramrod, London proof marks and Bumford's maker's mark
106.7 cm. barrel


  • This appears to be one of only two examples known to exist. The other, now in the Royal Armouries, Leeds, was one of an order made for the Earl of Loudoun's Regiment in 1745. James Barber delivered 950 'Short Musquets Carbine Bore compleat with Bayonet according to Pattern' for Loudoun's regiment to a warrant of 28 June 1745, for which he was paid 30/- each on 30 September. Most were lost during the war through battle, capture and shipwreck, and some of the remainder were issued from Edinburgh Castle for the use of naval recruiting tenders in 1755. The Edinburgh Castle stores held 108 in 1758

    It seems very likely that as this example conforms in all respects to the Barber contract, John 2 Bumford was employed as a sub-contractor in order to fulfil this commercial private contract

    Major-General John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun (1705-1782) raised a regiment of infantry that took part in the Jacobite Rising of 1745 on the side of the Hanovarian government. The regiment was raised and served in several parts of Scotland with Loudoun as Colonel and John Campbell, later the 5th Duke of Argyll, Lieutenant Colonel. Of the twelve companies raised, three which were raised in the south, were captured at Prestonpans. Eight companies, under the personal command of Lord Loudoun, were stationed in Inverness from where they set out, in February 1746, together with several of the Independent Companies in an attempt to capture the Jacobite pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart. The expedition was ignominiously defeated by a small number of Jacobites in what became known as the Rout of Moy. After this debacle, Loudoun fell back to join the Duke of Cumberland's army, giving up the town of Inverness to the rebels

    In 1756, Loudoun was sent to North America as Commander-in-Chief and Governor General of Virginia, where he was unpopular with many of the colonial leaders. On learning that some merchants were still trading with the French, while he was trying to fight a war against them, he temporarily closed all American ports. Despite his unpopularity, the county of Loudoun, which was formed from Fairfax in 1757 was named in his honour. As Commander-in-Chief, he planned an expedition to seize Louisbourg from the French in 1757 but called it off when intelligence (possibly including a French military deception) indicated that the French forces there were too strong for him to defeat. While Loudoun was thus engaged in Canada, French forces captured Fort William Henry from the British, and Loudoun was replaced by James Abercrombie and returned to London. In 1762, he was sent to Portugal to counter the Spanish invasion of Portugal as second-in-command, and he became overall commander in 1763

    For more information see De Witt Bailey, Ph.D., Pattern Dates For British Ordnance Small Arms 1718-1783, 1997, pp. 60, 74 and 102-103, pls. 38 and 73; idem, Small Arms of the British Forces in America 1664-1815, 2009, pp. 61 etc., pl. 1-68

    Bonhams gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Dr. De Witt Bailey with the cataloguing of this lot
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