HOOKE, ROBERT. 1635-1703.
Micrographia: or Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made with Magnifying Glasses with Observation and Inquiries thereupon. London: Printed by Jo. Martyn, and Ja. Allestry, 1665.
Folio (295 x 195 mm). [xxxvi], 246,  pp. 37 (of 38) engraved plates. Title in red and black with engraved arms of the Royal Society, woodcut head- and tail-pieces, chapter initials. Modern calf. Several paper repairs, first few leaves strengthened at margin with Japanese tissue, half title re-hinged with two repairs at fore-edge, and most plates with repairs or reinforcements at the folds, lacking plate 24 (depicting the surface of rosemary and other leaves).
FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE of the most important book in the history of micrography. "Micrographia was not only the first book devoted entirely to microscopical observations, but also the first to pair its descriptions with profuse and detailed illustrations, and this graphic portrayal of a hitherto unseen world had an impact rivalling that of Galileo's Sidereus Nuncius ... his famous and dramatic portraits of the flea and louse, a frightening eighteen inches long, are hardly less startling today than they must have been to Hooke's contemporaries" (Norman 1092). Dibner 18; Garrison-Morton 262; Heirs of Hippocrates 599; PMM 147; Wellcome III, 269