Four Dayak Swords, probably Kalimantan, Borneo Island
Iron, hornbill, wood, bone, antler, fiber
lengths 26 1/4in to 29 3/4in (66.7 to 75.6cm)
One sword without a sheath
The Estate of Billy Jamieson, Toronto, Canada
According to Feldman (1994: p. 65), "Dayak swords, mandau, are some of the most intricate carvings of Southeast Asia. Typically the handles are carved of deer antler, but bone is not uncommon; materials such as wood are considered to be inferior. Hair is attached to the handles, which are carved with a bewildering intertwine of human and aso motifs...On the sheath of the mandau one can expect to find hornbill beaks and skulls, bones, beads, coins, teeth, and other items that are expected to add to the efficacy to the instrument."