Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (American, 1850-1921)
The Battle of Santiago de Cuba; U.S.S. Oregon and U.S.S. Brooklyn signed and dated lower right "A. Jacobsen 1899/31 Palisades Av. West Hoboken, NY. oil on canvas 22 x 36 in. (55.8 x 91.4 cm.)
Literature: Harold S. Sniffen, Antonio Jacobsen - The Checklist, Smith Gallery, 1984, pp. 228-229, #22 for a listing of this painting.
In the Battle of Santiago, it was the U.S.S. Oregon and the U.S.S. Brooklyn that proved to be key vessels, as they were the only vessels fast enough to chase down the Spanish cruiser Cristóbal Colón, forcing its surrender. Commissioned in July 1896, the U.S.S. Oregon (BB-3) was a pre-dreadnought Indiana-class battleship, which also completed a highly publicized cruise around South America, served in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War, and spent a year in China during the Boxer Rebellion. She was known as the "bulldog of the navy," both for her high bow wave and her perseverance during the cruise around South America and the Battle of Santiago. The U.S.S. Brooklyn (CA-3, originally ACR-3), an armored cruiser for the United States Navy, was a key vessel in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, in which the Spanish Fleet was destroyed. After over a month of standoff, Spanish Admiral Pascual Cervera and his outnumbered fleet finally led his squadron out of the harbor in an effort to avoid capture. The Brooklyn was struck 20 times by whole shot, yet suffered only one man wounded (Fireman J. Bevins) and one man killed (Chief Yeoman George H. Ellis). After the ensuing battle, all of the Spanish ships were in burning or sinking condition.
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