Untitled Oil on board, framed Signed and dated lower right "Souza, 6". 15 3/8 x 19 1/2 in. (39 x 49.5 cm)
Francis Newton Souza (1924-2002) was born in Goa to Roman Catholic parents. Expelled from school in 1939, he gave up the idea of becoming a priest and joined the British Sir J.J. School of Art. He later became the founder of the Progressive Artists' Group (PAG). PAG, set up in 1947, was one of a number of left-wing groups active in the 1930-40s Indian cultural scene. It embraced the Surrealist, Expressionist, Primitivist and Cubist styles of the international avant-garde art movements.
The landscape with simplified church buildings was a common theme for Souza throughout his career. The placement of the buildings behind barren trees executed in a cold palette could be seen as a metaphor for his conflict with his faith and the influence of Catholic church. A closely related watercolor composition painted in 1956, sold at Saffron Art, 10-12 May 2005, lot 40. Also compare with another work on paper sold at Christie's, New York, 13 September 2011, lot 28.
This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.
ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.
If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.
Buyers' Premium and Charges
For all Sales categories excluding Arms & Armor, Coins & Medals, Motor Cars, Motorcycles, and Wine & Whisky:
Buyer's Premium Rates 25% on the first $100,000 of the Hammer Price 20% from $100,001 to $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price 12% on the excess over $2,000,000 of the Hammer Price
Payment for purchases may be made in or by (a) cash, (b) cashier's check or money order, (c) personal check with approved credit drawn on a U.S. bank, (d) wire transfer or other immediate bank transfer, or (e) Visa, MasterCard, American Express or Discover credit, charge or debit card. A processing fee will be assessed on any returned checks. Please note that the amount of cash notes and cash equivalents that can be accepted from a given purchaser may be limited.
For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.