A large gilt-bronze figure of Avalokitesvara Probably 19th century
Lot 338*
A large gilt-bronze figure of Avalokitesvara
Probably 19th century
£20,000 - 30,000
US$ 31,000 - 47,000

Lot Details
A large gilt-bronze figure of Avalokitesvara
Probably 19th century
The eleven-headed and eight-armed Bodhisattva standing on a single-lotus pedestal, the primary hands held in anjali mudra at her chest, while the other arms radiating around her with a lotus flower and a water bottle, wearing a long jewelled dhoti around the waist, the three triple-heads in a serene expression surmounted by a demonic face with the Amitabha head at the top.
45cm (17 2/3in) high (2).

Footnotes

  • 或十九世紀 銅鎏金十一面觀音立像

    The Bodhisattva of Compassion, Avalokitesvara, is the manifestation of compassion of all Buddhas and is also considered as the spiritual offspring of Amitabha Buddha. The worship of Avalokitesvara was introduced from India into Tibet in the 7th century. In China, Avalokitesvara is very popular and is considered as a female Bodhisattva known as Guanyin.

    Compare a gilt-bronze figure of an eleven-headed Avalokitesvara of similar style in the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated in Classics of the Forbidden City: Guanyin in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing, 2012, pl.104.

    此尊頭部排列為五層,底三層為三面,呈慈相、悲相、喜相,面部表情均嫻靜,戴精美寶冠,上兩層為一面,先有憤怒明王相,頂部為無量光佛,塗紅色,兩條髮瓣垂在兩肩。正二手合十,施禮敬印,餘手分別持念珠、蓮花、淨瓶。下身穿貼體長裙,突顯身體健美線條,裙擺垂及腳踝,站立於覆蓮座上。造像比例均勻,尊貴精美。

    觀音菩薩,又譯作觀世音菩薩或觀自在菩薩,七世紀從印度傳入西藏。據說生於阿彌陀佛觀想的一道白光,以慈悲為懷之心救濟眾生,因而被視為慈悲的化身,為佛教眾多支派供奉的重要神祇,是佛教最受歡迎的尊神。觀音菩薩的化身種類繁多,有四臂觀音、蓮花手觀音等,其中十一面觀音菩薩的形式極為受歡迎。

    相關例子可參考北京故宮博物院藏的另一件十一面觀音像,見2012年北京出版故宮博物院編《故宮經典:故宮觀音圖典》,圖版104。
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