A gilt-bronze figure of Manjusri 15th century
Lot 264*
A gilt-bronze figure of Manjusri
15th century
£20,000 - 30,000
US$ 33,000 - 50,000
Auction Details
Lot Details
A gilt-bronze figure of Manjusri
15th century
Finely cast seated in dhyanasana on a double-lotus pedestal, the hands held in dharmachakramudra flanked by two lotus stalks with the blooms bearing a sword and a book, wearing a foliate tiara fronting a tall top-knot, adorned with elaborate jewellery inlaid with semi-precious stones.
13.6cm(5¾in) high

Footnotes

  • 十五世紀 銅鎏金文殊菩薩像

    Manjusri is known as the manifestation of the wisdom of all Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. He is also one of the eight main Bodhisattvas surrounding Sakyamuni Buddha, thus with a princely appearance adorned with Bodhisattva ornaments as shown in the present figure. Manjusri can be depicted in various forms, where the present lot can be referred as Manjusri Dharmachakra since his hands are held in dharmachakramudra, the gesture of teaching. It is believed that one can achieve knowledge, clarity and quickness of understanding with the help of Manjusri.

    The deity is typically depicted with a sword and a book, as in the present lot, which symbolises the highest knowledge which is reached by overcoming ignorance and studying the highest book of wisdom.

    The workmanship of the petals on the lotus pedestal, the ornaments and the posture are comparable to of a Maitreya and a Vajradhara figure, dated 15th/16th century, illustrated by U.von Schroeder, Buddhist Sculptures in Tibet: Tibet & China, Hong Kong, 2001, p.1065, nos.272E and 272F.

    文殊菩薩彎眉長目,神態祥和莊嚴,頭戴五葉寶冠,高髮髻,垂輪式耳環,袒上身,佩飾項鏈、瓔珞,鑲嵌寶石,雍容華貴。雙手結輪法輪印,肩側各飾蓮花,花上分別有劍和梵筴,腰束長裙,全跏趺坐。下承仰覆蓮座,座上下沿飾連珠紋。

    文殊菩薩在佛教中佔有不可替代的地位,是佛教智慧的象徵,也是佛教八大菩薩之一,與普賢菩薩同為釋迦牟尼佛的左右脅侍。文殊菩薩的種類繁多,此尊可稱為輪法輪文殊菩薩,從其雙手結輪法輪印可知。

    他與般若經有很深的關係,因此此尊左邊的法器是般若經梵筴,而他右邊的智慧劍象徵他是佛教智慧的保護神。

    此尊做工十分精緻,帶有十五世紀的藝術風格,其生動的蓮瓣、華麗的裝飾和俊美的體態可與另外兩件十五/十六世紀的彌勒佛像和大持金剛像作比較,見2001年香港出版Ulrich von Schroeder著《Buddhist Sculptures in Tibet: Tibet & China》,頁1065,編號272E和272F。
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