A rare olive-green jade disc, bi  Late Neolithic Period
Lot 117
A rare olive-green jade disc, bi
Late Neolithic Period
Sold for £10,000 (US$ 15,648) inc. premium

Lot Details
A rare olive-green jade disc, bi
Late Neolithic Period
Of plain circular form, carved with a large central aperture, the stone of rich dark olive tone attractively mottled with ripples and specks of various brown and grey inclusions.
15.5cm (6 1/8in) diam.

Footnotes

  • 新石器時代晚期 綠玉雕璧

    Provenance: Baron Klaus D. von Oertzen (1894-1991) and Baroness Irene von Oertzen (1908-2007)

    Published and Illustrated: S.Howard Hansford, Jade: Essence of Hills and Streams, the von Oertzen Collection of Chinese and Indian Jades, London, 1969, pl.A1.

    來源:著名收藏家Klaus D. von Oertzen男爵(1894-1991)及Irene von Oertzen男爵夫人(1908-2007)舊藏

    此拍品曾出版及著錄於1969年倫敦出版S.Howard Hansford著《Jade: Essence of Hills and Streams, the von Oertzen Collection of Chinese and Indian Jades》,圖版A1。

    Baroness Irene von Oertzen (1908-2007) and her husband Baron Klaus-Detlof von Oertzen (1894-1991) were well-known as passionate collectors of Chinese art. Interned in prison camps in the Dutch East Indies in May 1940, the Baroness was then separated from her husband and transferred to China, where she became fluent in Chinese and developed her appreciation for Chinese art and for jade carvings in particular.

    There is evidence that stone discs existed as early as the fifth millenium BC in eastern China, and related rectangular discs with rounded corners were used by people of the Hongshan culture to place on the bodies of the dead. Larger discs appear to be an innovation of the Liangzhu culture (circa 3300-2250 BC): see J.Rawson, Chinese Jades from the Neolithic to the Qing, London, 1995, p.131-2, where the author also suggests that the quality of the jade was matched to the function of the piece, with higher quality pieces probably reserved for placement on the stomach and chest of the body, a practice that was noted by excavators at the Jiangsu Wujin Sidun site. See examples of jade bi discs illustrated ibid., nos.4:1 to 4:6; other examples of bi discs of related size and apparently with similar carving techniques of the central hole, one with a later inscription by the Qianlong Emperor, are illustrated in the Compendium of Collections in the Palace Museum: Jade 1: Neolithic Age, Beijing, 2011, nos.40-43.

    Compare also a russet jade neolithic bi disc, possibly from the Liangzhu culture, sold in these rooms, 8 November 2012, lot 183.
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