Henry Pierce Bone (British, 1779-1855) Dorothy Spencer née Sydney, Countess of Sunderland (1617-1684), wearing umber robe over white chemise, four large rubies to her sleeve, a brown stole draped around her shoulders, pearl necklace and pendent earrings, her brown hair curled in ringlets beneath a broad-brimmed blue hat edged with gilt trim and finished with umber ribbon
Lot 10
Henry Pierce Bone
(British, 1779-1855)
Dorothy Spencer née Sydney, Countess of Sunderland (1617-1684), wearing umber robe over white chemise, four large rubies to her sleeve, a brown stole draped around her shoulders, pearl necklace and pendent earrings, her brown hair curled in ringlets beneath a broad-brimmed blue hat edged with gilt trim and finished with umber ribbon
Sold for £10,000 (US$ 15,648) inc. premium

Lot Details
Henry Pierce Bone (British, 1779-1855) Dorothy Spencer née Sydney, Countess of Sunderland (1617-1684), wearing umber robe over white chemise, four large rubies to her sleeve, a brown stole draped around her shoulders, pearl necklace and pendent earrings, her brown hair curled in ringlets beneath a broad-brimmed blue hat edged with gilt trim and finished with umber ribbon
Henry Pierce Bone (British, 1779-1855)
Dorothy Spencer née Sydney, Countess of Sunderland (1617-1684), wearing umber robe over white chemise, four large rubies to her sleeve, a brown stole draped around her shoulders, pearl necklace and pendent earrings, her brown hair curled in ringlets beneath a broad-brimmed blue hat edged with gilt trim and finished with umber ribbon.
Enamel, signed, inscribed and dated on the counter-enamel Lady Dorothy Sydney/ Countess of Sunderland/ London July 1842/ Painted by Henry Pierce/ Bone, Enamel Painter/ to her Majesty &/ H.R.H. Prince/ Albert &c From the Orig-/ inal by Vandyck in the Collect.n/ of Earl of Spencer Althorp/ Northamptonshire, gilt-metal frame.
Oval, 97mm (3 13/16in) high

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    The Collection of Daphne Foskett (1911-1998);
    Bequeathed to Richard Allen in Daphne Foskett's Will

    Literature:
    D. Foskett, British Portrait Miniatures, 1963, p.167, ill.no.171;
    D. Foskett, Collecting Miniatures, 1979, p.172, ill.col.pl.13D

    Exhibited:
    Edinburgh, The Arts Council for Great Britain, British Portrait Miniatures, 1965, no.409

    Sir Anthony Van Dyck painted several portraits of Lady Dorothy Spencer. The present lot is a reduced version of his portrait painted in 1639, around the time of her marriage to Henry Spencer. In this full-scale composition, Lady Dorothy is portrayed as a shepherdess, holding a crook in her left hand and a pink rose (traditionally associated with the Goddess Venus) in her right. Formerly at Althorp, the portrait now resides at Lady Dorothy's family home at Penshurst Place, in the collection of Viscount De L'Isle. A later version forms part of the National Trust Collection and is currently held at Lacock Abbey, Fox Talbot Museum and Village (Inv. no.996358). A three-quarter length portrait of Lady Dorothy with her hand resting on an urn is at Petworth, with a later copy at Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Inv. no.1129271).

    Lady Dorothy was the eldest daughter of Robert Sydney, 2nd Earl of Leicester and Lady Dorothy Percy. She was born at Scion House and baptised on 5 October 1617. She married Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, son of William Spencer, 2nd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton and Lady Penelope Wriothesley on 20 July 1639 at Penhurst, Kent. Through this marriage, Lady Dorothy gained the title of Countess of Sunderland on 8 June 1643. After the death of her husband at the Battle of Newbury on 20 September 1643, she married Robert Smythe on 8 July 1652. By her first marriage she had three children: Lady Dorothy (1640-1670), Sir Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland (1641-1702) and Lady Penelope (1644-1645).

    A celebrated beauty, Lady Dorothy was also praised by her contemporaries for her wit, charm and intelligence. She featured prominently in the poems of Edmund Waller (1606-1687) as 'La Sacharissa'. One of these poems celebrated her passionate friendship with Lady Anne Rich née Cavendish (1611-1638). Waller is thought to have courted Lady Dorothy after his own wife's death in 1634 and addressed a total of sixteen poems to her.

    We are grateful to Daphne Foskett's daughter, Patricia Middleton for her assistance in cataloguing this lot.
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