Michael Bartlett, VPSLm, VPRMS, HS (British, 1922-2008), after Samuel Cooper (1609-1672) Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (1653-1658), wearing white collar
Lot 1
Michael Bartlett, VPSLm, VPRMS, HS
(British, 1922-2008)
after Samuel Cooper (1609-1672)
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (1653-1658), wearing white collar
Sold for £1,000 (US$ 1,640) inc. premium

Lot Details
Michael Bartlett, VPSLm, VPRMS, HS (British, 1922-2008), after Samuel Cooper (1609-1672)
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (1653-1658), wearing white collar.
Watercolour on card, turned and ebonised wood frame.
Oval, 86mm (3 3/8in) high

Footnotes

  • The present lot is a copy of Cooper's unfinished preparatory sketch of Cromwell (c.1653), one of the most famous images of the parliamentarian and arguably one of Cooper's finest works. The portrait has been in the Collection of the Dukes of Buccleuch since 1862.

    Hailed by some as the defender of English liberties and reviled by others as a regicidal tyrant, Oliver Cromwell remains one of the most controversial figures in British history. He was born into the ranks of the provincial gentry in 1599 and lived out his early years in relative obscurity, marrying Elizabeth Bourchier in 1620. Later, as MP for Cambridge, Cromwell's hard-line political views placed him in direct opposition to the Royalist cause. A few years after the Civil War had erupted, Cromwell assumed command of the entire Parliamentarian army having proved himself a consummate military strategist. Lieutenant General Cromwell went on to lead the New Model Army to victory over the King's forces at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. With the surrender of Charles I to the Scots, Cromwell became one of parliament's most vocal supporters of regicide, despite having briefly favoured the monarch's abdication.

    Following the King's execution in 1649, Cromwell participated in the debates of the 'Rump Parliament', which sat until 1653. Finally tiring of its warring factions and lack of real desire for reform, he dissolved the Rump and took up the reigns as Lord Protector, head of a 'nominated assembly' endorsed by the Army. Several efforts towards monarchical status were made on his behalf, which Cromwell firmly resisted. His rule as Lord Protector, known as the 'Interregnum', is commonly recognised for its socio-religious rigidity along radical Protestant lines and marks the only time in England's history in which she has been governed as a republic.
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