MAO ZEDONG [MAO TSE-TUNG] & PENG DUHUAI. Letter Signed in character stamp by both, 3 pp, 8vo, n.p., n.d. [but likely April 1936], to Zhang Xiuliang ("General Hanquin"), on thin pink paper,
Lot 3
CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY. [MAO ZEDONG, ZHOU ENLAI, et al.] Holograph Letter in an unknown hand, with secretarial signatures of MAO ZEDONG, ZHOU ENLAI, BO GU, and ZHANG WENTIAN, 6 pp, 8vo, n.p., August 9, [1936], an 18 point letter addressed to Zhang Xueliang outlining a strategy to convince Chiang Kai-shek to cooperate with Communist forces,
Sold for US$ 362,500 inc. premium
Lot Details
CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY.
[MAO ZEDONG, ZHOU ENLAI, et al.] Holograph Letter in an unknown hand, with secretarial signatures of MAO ZEDONG, ZHOU ENLAI, BO GU, and ZHANG WENTIAN, 6 pp, 8vo, n.p., August 9, [1936], an 18 point letter addressed to Zhang Xueliang outlining a strategy to convince Chiang Kai-shek to cooperate with Communist forces, in blue ink with several emendations in black ink, on thin paper, light creasing, toning, some staining from paper clip to last 2 leaves.

A LENGTHY SECRET MISSIVE FROM THE CCP TO ZHANG OUTLINING PLANS FOR THE NEXT THREE MONTHS, COMPLETE WITH LIST OF CODE NAMES FOR CCP AND KMT OPERATIVES. Mao, Zhou, and two other important Communist Party leaders permit their names to be added to this letter to Zhang Xueliang, a follow up to lot 2. This letter begins by immediately outlining the core military strategies suggested by the CCP: first, the cooperation of Zhang's forces in the takeover of the Lanzhov territory, and then further resistance to the Japanese at Suiyuan. The letter argues that the planning for this event must be completed within the next three months, while Chiang Kai-shek is still distracted by the Guangdong-Guangxi Incident (a coup movement provoked by Chiang's effort to end Guangdong province's autonomy, often seen by historians as a precurser to the Xi'an Incident). Once success has been achieved, the CCP letter argues, Chiang will have no choice but to cooperate with the Red Army in its resistance against Japan.
The letter includes a warning to Zhang to stay away from Nanjing for fear Chiang will try to harm him, and to only work with his most trusted officers. It concludes with a request for his suggestions and comments, and closes (translated): "Salute to the revolution of the resistance against the Japanese!" The sixth leaf is a "coded name list" effective August 15, and includes the names of KMT, CCP and Soviet figures.

Footnotes

  • 中國共產黨手書

    親筆信,作者不詳,末有毛澤東、周恩來、博古、張聞天等人代名。共六頁,8vo尺寸,書寫地點不詳。日期為一九三六年八月九日。收信人為張學良,信中共列十八點,說明如何勸蔣介石與共軍合作。內文以藍色墨水書寫,並有黑筆修改痕跡。紙薄,有輕微摺痕、褪色,末二頁有迴紋針污跡。

    此長篇秘密信函乃由中國共產黨遞交給張學良,文中詳述未來三個月之作戰計畫,並寫有重要共產黨與國民黨特務之秘密代名。信函由毛澤東、周恩來及另二位重要共產黨幹部署名。信中首先描述共產黨之主要作戰策略,亦即先在張學良軍隊的合作下占領蘭州,繼而出兵綏遠抵抗日軍。文中表示,此計畫必須在三個月內完成,趁蔣介石忙於彌平兩廣事變(或可視為西安事變之前哨)之際進行。信中強調,一旦任務成功,蔣介石將別無選擇,被逼得與紅軍共同抗日。

    信中亦勸張學良小心身邊人物,只與親信往來,並務必遠離南京,以防蔣介石加害其身。文末請張學良不吝賜教,並向革命抗日至敬。文件之第六頁為特務代名清單(至八月十五日有效)其中包含重要國民黨、共產黨及蘇聯特務之代名。
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