ZHANG XIULIANG'S TELEGRAPH CODE BOOK. [Telegraph Code Book. Shanghai Electric Transmission Office, 1921.]
Lot 1
ZHANG XUELIANG'S TELEGRAPH CODE BOOK. [Telegraph Code Book. Shanghai Electric Transmission Office, 1921.]
Sold for US$ 23,750 inc. premium
Lot Details
ZHANG XUELIANG'S TELEGRAPH CODE BOOK.
[Telegraph Code Book. Shanghai Electric Transmission Office, 1921.] 12mo. Original printed wrappers, bound with string as issued. Some toning to leaves, corners bumped, pencil and ink annotations throughout the code pages.

THE YOUNG MARSHAL'S COPY with a presentation inscription to the upper wrapper: "Mr. Hanqing [Zhang's "courtesy name"] from Li Zongren." LI ZONGREN [1890-1969] was a Guangxi warlord and a Kuomintang (KMT) military commander who would later serve as Vice President of the Republic of China.
The son of a powerful Manchurian warlord, young Zhang Xueliang was something of a ne'er-do-well—saddled with both an opium addiction and a reputation as a womanizer. The Japanese, believing he would be a more malleable leader of Manchuria than his father Zhang Zuolin [1875-1928], assassinated the elder Zhang by bombing his train. Once he inherited his father's land and troops, however, Zhang Xueliang rid himself of his addiction and proved himself to be a surprisingly capable leader; the Japanese succeeded only in earning his undying enmity. In 1929, motivated by a desire to see China reunited, the Young Marshal (as Zhang was called) aligned his forces with Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang (KMT). This telegraph code book, presented to Zhang by a fellow officer, is a remnant of his KMT career before the Xi'an Incident.

Footnotes

  • 張學良電報號碼簿

    (上海電政編譯所1921年印行「電報新書」)12mo尺寸,原廠線裝封套。頁面略為泛黃,角落輕微磨損,號碼頁有鉛筆與鋼筆書寫痕跡。

    「少帥」張學良私藏電報號碼簿,封套上寫有「漢卿兄惠存──李宗仁敬約」字樣。李宗仁(1890-1969)為桂系軍閥兼國民黨將帥,後出任中華民國副總統。

    張學良為奉系軍閥領袖張作霖(1875-1928)之子,年少玩事不恭,沉迷煙毒,驕奢淫逸。當時覬覦中國東北領土之日本關東軍,因盤算張學良相較於其父張作霖容易擺布,故設計炸毀張作霖乘坐之火車車廂,成功執行暗殺。父親遇刺後,繼承東北統治權的張學良一改前非,不但菸癮全戒,且領軍抗日有方,令日軍十分頭疼。一九二九年,由於渴望見到中國統一,「少帥」張學良領軍投效蔣介石的國民黨。本電報號碼簿乃是西安事變前,張學良投效國民黨期間由同黨軍官相贈之物品。
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