A rare 'gaoshan', 'furong' and 'yuewei' soapstone 'European subject' panel Early Qing dynasty
Lot 350
A rare 'gaoshan', 'furong' and 'yuewei' soapstone 'European subject' panel Early Qing dynasty
HK$ 1 million - 1.5 million
US$ 130,000 - 190,000
Lot Details
A rare 'gaoshan', 'furong' and 'yuewei' soapstone 'European subject' panel
Early Qing dynasty
Intricately decorated in various materials of soapstone with a wondrous landscape scene of European figures, each adorned in loose floral clothing, with distinctive headress and footwear, depicted sitting and lingering around on rockworks, all worked in high relief with the background finely incised with bamboo and prunus trees, all bordered within a hardwood frame and an archaistic gilt buckle at the top.
47.5cm wide.

Footnotes

  • 清早期 壽山石雕西洋人物掛屏

    Provenance 來源:
    Lubor Hajek collection, former director of the Oriental collection of National Gallery, Prague.

    Illustrated 出版:
    Lubor Hajek, Čínské Umění, SNKLU, Prague, 1954, no. 214 & 215

    The quality of the workmanship on this panel is outstanding, and the unusual Western-style visual perspective is reminiscent of Jesuit court paintings, supporting an attribution to the Imperial court. The perspective of the panels is vivid and draws the viewer in; the subject matter is highly evocative. Moreover, the style of the soapstone carving and treatment of the subject matter is very closely related to the twelve panels in the complete inlaid zitan and hardwood screen from the collection of John Wanamaker, Philadelphia, sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 7 July 2003, lot 592.

    Outstanding for being a complete twelve-panel zitan and hardwood screen, it was illustrated by John Wanamaker, A Notable Carved and Painted Twelve-Fold Chinese Screen of the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries From the Imperial Palace in Pekin, New York and Philadelphia, 1928, in which the author stated that the screen was 'made as a gift from a Premier to an Emperor'. Dated to 1696, bearing the inscription 'Painted by Yu Zhiding of Guangling', the screen enclosed six Chinese-subject scenes, including two closely related to the current scenes, and six Western-subject screens. The similarity of style and subject matter suggests that the current pair of screens was created in the Kangxi period, and was also once part of a complete set of twelve similar panels, framed in a grand Imperial screen.

    For another 'European subject' panel, see a panel depicting Europeans in a landscape, sold at Christie's New York, 24-25 March 2011, lot 1405. See also a larger pair of panels from the Q collection, sold in these rooms, 25 May 2011, lot 275, and recently included in the exhibition Ching Wan Society Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition. Objects of Vertu, Taipei, 2012, pp.124-5.

    此掛屏為布拉格國家美術館東方藝術前館長Lubor Hajek舊藏並有出版。整個掛屏主題採用淺浮雕及鑲嵌技法而成,巧妙利用壽山石頭中高山石、芙蓉石以及月尾石不同石質及天然顏色,雕刻六位西洋人物於山石林間聚會景象。人物衣紋、捲髮、及表情均雕琢細緻生動,足顯工匠嫻熟刀法。而觀其構圖,頗富層次及透視感,應係受西方傳教士為宮廷所作繪畫影響,類似的表現手法,見John Wanamaker舊藏一件十七世紀嵌紫檀壽山石雕十二屏風,著錄於《A Notable Carved and Painted Twelve-Fold Chinese Screen of the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries From the Imperial Palace in Pekin》,紐約及費城,1928年,後於香港佳士得拍賣,2003年7月7日,拍品592。
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