Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010) Yulong Mountain
Lot 786
Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010) Yulong Mountain
Sold for HK$ 6,620,000 (US$ 852,755) inc. premium

Lot Details
Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)
Yulong Mountain
Ink and colour on paper, framed and glazed
Signed Wu Guanzhong, with two seals of the artist
95cm x 179cm (37½in x 70½in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Acquired directly from the artist by Lucy Lim (1940-2007), Executive Director, Chinese Culture Foundation of San Francisco in 1989
    Purchased at Butterfields, San Francisco, 10 December 1992, Lot 4716
    Currently in an American private collection

    吳冠中 玉龍山 設色紙本 鏡框 一九八十年代作

    簽名:吳冠中
    鈐印:冠中寫生、八十年代

    來源:
    前舊金山中華文化中心主任林露斯(1940-2007)於1989年直接得自畫家
    購自於1992年12月10日舊金山伯得富拍賣,拍品4716
    現為美國私人收藏

    Born in Zamboanga, Philippines, Lucy Lim was a renowned American art critic who received her PhD in Chinese art history from New York University's Institute of Fine Arts in her early years. She was one of the first western scholars to research about Chinese art in China after the Cultural Revolution. A fellowship from the United States Social Science Research Council for research in China for the years 1975 to 1977 as well as financial assistance from the National Endowment of the Arts and the Asian Cultural Council allowed her to travel to China to meet artists and select works for her exhibitions in America.

    Lim served as Executive Director and Curator of Exhibitions at San Francisco's Chinese Culture Centre from 1981 to 1990. In 1983, she organised 'Contemporary Chinese Painting: An Exhibition from the People's Republic of China', which introduced thirty-six Chinese contemporary artists and their oeuvres to the west, and Wu Guanzhong was one of them. Lim regarded Wu Guanzhong's works to assume pivotal importance in China's contemporary art world, therefore she began to curate the 'Wu Guanzhong: A Contemporary Chinese Artist' exhibition in 1985, after two years. From 1989 to 1999, the show travelled to five venues in America including Chinese Culture Centre of San Francisco, Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama and the Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan. It was Wu Guanzhong's first solo exhibition in America, which had extraordinary significance. As a result, a strong bond of friendship began to form between Lim and Wu who regarded each other as friends, also passing words of appreciation to each other in the 'Wu Guanzhong: A Contemporary Chinese Artist' exhibition catalogue (See Lucy Lim ed., Wu Guanzhong: A Contemporary Chinese Artist, The Chinese Culture Foundation of San Francisco, 1989, pp.vii, xx and xxi.)

    'Yulong Mountain' was acquired directly from the artist by Lucy Lim in the 1980s when she was curating the 'Wu Guanzhong: A Contemporary Chinese Artist' exhibition. Fond of Yulong Mountain, Wu created approximately ten works of similar subject matter in drawing, album leaves and larger format from 1978 to 1990, including 'Yulong Mountain', 'Remembering Yulong Mountain in the Moonlight', 'Yulong Mountain Under the Moon' and 'The Yulong Mountains Snowcapped', this work being one of them. (See in sequence, Lucy Lim ed., Wu Guanzhong: A Contemporary Chinese Artist, The Chinese Culture Foundation of San Francisco, 1989, pp.152, 118 and 55; Shui Tianzhong, Wang Hua eds. The Complete Works of Wu Guanzhong, Volume 6, Hunan Fine Arts Publishing House, Changsha, 2007, p.302.) This work extends the artist's exploration of Yulong Mountain, portraying the snow-covered and fog-enlaced meandering ranges that resemble a jade dragon lying in the clouds.

    出生於菲律賓桑博安加的林露斯,為美國著名藝評家,早年曾在紐約大學藝術學院取得中國藝術史博士。她是中國文化大革命結束後,最早在中國研究中國繪畫藝術的西方學者之一。美國社會科學研究協會於1975年至1977年所提供的中國研究獎學金,以及美國國家文藝基金會和亞洲文化協會的經費補助,讓林露斯能夠遠赴中國,與藝術家見面,親自挑選作品到美國參展。

    她在1981年至1990年擔任舊金山中華文化中心主任兼策展人,曾於1983年策劃「現代中國畫展」,向西方介紹三十六位中國當代藝術家和其作品,而吳冠中就是其一。林露斯認為吳冠中的作品在中國當代藝壇中,地位舉足輕重,兩年後於1985年開始籌辦「吳冠中畫展」,於1989年至1990年在舊金山中華文化中心、阿拉巴馬伯明罕美術館、密西根底特律藝術學院等美國五地巡迴展出。那是吳冠中首次在美國舉行個人展覽,意義非凡。吳冠中與林露斯因此結下深厚情誼,兩人在「吳冠中畫展」圖錄中互稱朋友,相互致謝。(參見林露斯編,《吳冠中畫展》,舊金山中華文化基金會,1989年,頁vii、xx和xxi。)

    此幅〈玉龍山〉,是林露斯在1980年代策劃「吳冠中畫展」期間,直接得自畫家。「玉龍山」是吳冠中喜愛的題材, 自1978年至1990年分別以速寫、冊頁和較大的畫紙,描繪了包括〈玉龍〉、〈憶月下玉龍山〉、〈月下玉龍山〉和〈玉龍雪山〉等約十幅類似題材畫作,此幅亦為其一。(依序參見林露斯編,《吳冠中畫展》,舊金山中華文化基金會,1989年,頁152、118和55,以及水天中等編,《吳冠中全集》,第六卷,湖南美術出版社,長沙,2007年,頁302。)此作延續了畫家對此奇山的探求,表現出其山峰蜿蜒百里,宛如橫臥雲雪之間的一條萬丈玉龍。
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