Large Mama Antelope Headdress, Nigeria
length 25in (63.5cm)
Private Collection, New York
According to Fardon (Berns & Fardon: 2011, p. 349), "The majority of Mangam masks in collections are what informants described as 'small' masks in buffalo form. The epithet and the preponderance of this mask type, as well as photographic evidence of their being worn by youths, suggest that they might be initiatory masks, similar to Mumuye Vaa-Bong in this regards. 'Big' Mangam masks referring to antelope-like animals with straight horns, are less common and may have been attributes of more powerful cults entered by senior men."