A brass Ophicleide by Charles Joseph Sax circa 1825
Branded C. Sax. Facteur. Du. ROI. A. Bruxelles, diameter 212mm (8 3/8in) overall length 115mm, with nine brass padded keys, use wear and restoration in fitted case. (2)
The Ophicleide was used throughout the 19th century to provide a bass in brass and military bands and in the brass section of the orchestra, before gradually being superseded by the Tuba. It is most famed for its use in Berlioz's 'Symphonie fantastique' and 'Benvenuto Cellini', along with Mendelssohn's 'Midsummer Night's Dream' Overture.
Further information on the above instrument can be found in 'The Oxford Companion to Musical Instruments', by Anthony Baines, OUP, 1992, page 227.
Further information on the maker of the above instrument can be found in 'The New Langwill Index, A Dictionary of Musical Wind-Instrument Makers and Inventors', William Waterhouse, Bingham, London, 1993, page 347.