FLAMMARION, CAMILLE. 1842-1925.
Globe géographique de la planète Mars d'après Camille Flammarion. Paris: E. Bertaux, .
Diameter 4¼ inches (110 mm). 12 lithographed gores and 2 polar calottes laid on a hollow plaster sphere, the equatorial and meridian graduated in degrees labelled in 10° intervals with no subdivisions, the cartography shaded with gray stippling and showing place names. With turned brass finial and lower fitting, raised on a turned ebonised wood column and circular plinth base. 220 mm high.
THE EARLIEST GLOBE BY FLAMMARION, published two years after the construction of his observatory at Juvisy just outside Paris. It is smaller than the more common 6-inch globe issued in the 1890s. As with all Mars maps published before the 1960s, this globe has Mars' south pole on the top, as this is the common way in which the planet is viewed in astronomical telescopes from the northern hemisphere.
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