no image
Lot 10
Waterloo 1815,
Sold for £ 2,160 (US$ 2,868) inc. premium

Lot Details
Waterloo 1815,
fitted with replacement clip and ring suspension (Thomas Jones , 1st Reg. Dragoon Guards.). Some scratching and contact marks, possibly feint brooch markings to obverse, and edge bruising, otherwise very fine. (1)


  • Private Thomas Jones 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards a former Labourer originally from Stanbury, West Yorkshire. Jones attested in May 1799 and served over 18 years plus 2 years for Waterloo. The 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards suffered 48% casualties at Waterloo, including their Commanding Officer killed and six other officers killed and wounded, the second highest casualty rate of all the Anglo-Allied Cavalry Regiments. Invalided at Chatham in May 1817 with ill health due to chronic catarrh, he was awarded a Chelsea Hospital out pension of 5d a day.

    With details and copies from the Regimental Muster & Pay Books covering his service from enlistment to discharge.
    Thomas Jones was born in Stanbury, West Yorkshire circa 1776 a Labourer residing in Knighton, Radnor he attested for the 1st Dragoon Guards 8 May 1799 and first appears on the Musters when the Regiment was stationed in Ipswich and later Canterbury June to September 1799. The Regiment moved to Croydon in September 1799, Windsor in June 1800, Northampton in September 1800 then based in Birmingham until June 1802.
    The KDG moved to Bristol in June 1802, Exeter June 1803, Arundel, West Sussex March 1804, Chichester September 1804, Brighton September 1805, Lewes, Sussex March 1807, York March 1808, Piers Hill Barracks June 1809, Dundalk, Ireland March 1810, Clonmel, Ireland JUne 1812, Cork June 1814, Coventry September 1814, and in March 1815 landed in Belgium, following the battle of Waterloo the KDG were based at Ruelle, France and from December 1815 Frevent, France returning to Manchester in June 1816. Jones's health was beginning to deteriorate from March 1817 the Regiment was based in York and on 25 May 1817 Jones was invalided at Chatham due to ill health caused by chronic catarrh aged 41 years. Awarded a Chelsea Hospital out pension of 5d a day he had served 18 years 3 months as a Private soldier plus 2 years for Waterloo.
    He was the ONLY Thomas Jones from this Regiment to serve at Waterloo.
    Of the seven Dragoon Guards Regiments, the 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards (KDG) was the only one at Waterloo. With 583 all ranks it was the strongest British Cavalry Regiment at the battle. Unlike the Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards to which they were Brigaded (Household Cavalry Brigade), the KDG had seen on active service in the Peninsula, having been kept at home since 1803. It had a tough fight ahead of it on 18 June, but the inexperience of its officers and men were not evident in their performance, except when they became carried away by initial success and were caught up in the gallop to the French guns, thus becoming vulnerable to the subsequent counter attack. The KDG suffered the second highest losses of any Anglo-Allied Cavalry Regiment at Waterloo, the 8th Belgian Hussars suffering the most. Some 279 all ranks were listed as casualties 45% of the Regiment.
    They included 7 officers killed and wounded, one of the killed was the Commanding Officer Lt Colonel Fuller and 124 missing, mostly men who disappeared trying to get back from the Grand Battery.Almost certainly it was Uxbridge who gave the order for the two Heavy Cavalry Brigades to charge the advance of Dubois's Cavalry at 1420. Uxbridge saw the French advance whilst he had been away on the right checking other Cavalry positions, galloped back and ordered Somerset to form line and be ready to charge the Cuirassiers, then still out of sight. He then dashed across the Genappe Road road to tell Ponsonby of the Union Brigade the same thing.
    The Household Brigade was able to advance up the reverse slope of the ridge without too much hindrance from Infantry units blocking the way, as they had all formed squares. As the 1st Life Guards and KDG reached the crest, they saw the enemy for the first time, less than 100 metres down the slope. Captain Kelly of the 1st Life Guards recalls
    'The Brigade and the Cuirassiers too, came to the shock like two walls. A short struggle enabled us to break through them, not withstanding the great disadvantage arising from our swords which were a full 6 inches shorter than the Cuirassiers'.
    This Cavalry combat was the only one of its kind at Waterloo, heavy Cavalry charging heavy Cavalry, 5 British Squadrons with about 840 sabers (2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards were not in the initial clash) attacking 7 Squadrons of Cuirassiers with around 780 sabers. Within two or three minutes Dubois' men had had enough, they turned to flee, pursued by the wildly excited British. At La Haie Sainte the Household Brigade split, the 2nd Life Guards attacked enemy positions around the sandpit, farm, barricade and the sunken road. At least one possibly two Squadrons of the KDG ended up east of the road after pursuing fleeing Cuirassiers around the farm and orchard of La Haie Sainte. Many officers and men from both Regiments became caught up in the mad dash with the Union Brigade to the Grand Battery, although many French Gunners were killed none of the Guns were destroyed.'
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations


If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £175,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £175,001 to £3,000,000 the Hammer Price
12.5% from £3,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalogue.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

  1. John Millensted
    Auction administration - Coins and Banknotes
    Montpelier Street
    London, United Kingdom SW7 1HH
    Work +44 20 7393 3914
    FaxFax: +44 20 7393 3905
Similar Items