Attributed to Susan Penelope Rosse (British, 1652-1700), after Samuel Cooper (British, 1609-1672) An unfinished portrait of Frances Teresa Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox, 'La Belle Stuart' (1647-1702), wearing pearl necklace and matching pendent earrings, her hair curled and upswept
Lot 14
Attributed to Susan Penelope Rosse
(British, 1652-1700)
after Samuel Cooper (British, 1609-1672)
An unfinished portrait of Frances Teresa Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox, 'La Belle Stuart' (1647-1702), wearing pearl necklace and matching pendent earrings, her hair curled and upswept
Sold for £4,750 (US$ 8,100) inc. premium
Auction Details
Lot Details
Attributed to Susan Penelope Rosse (British, 1652-1700), after Samuel Cooper (British, 1609-1672)
An unfinished portrait of Frances Teresa Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox, 'La Belle Stuart' (1647-1702), wearing pearl necklace and matching pendent earrings, her hair curled and upswept.
Watercolour on vellum, the reverse inscribed Mifs Stewart the favourite Mistrefs/ of Car. 2. married the Duke of/ Richmond & Lenox, gilt-metal frame, engraved DUCHESS OF RICHMOND with pierced spiral cresting.
Oval, 89mm (3 1/2in) high

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Bequeathed to the artist's husband, Mr Michael Rosse;
    His Sale, 3 April 1723, lot 72 (sold together with a limning of Charles II by Susan Penelope Rosse after Samuel Cooper);
    Ellen Harford nee Tower;
    Bequeathed to her daughter, Louise Emily Harford (1864-1945);
    Bequeathed to her son, Henry Hugh Arthur FitzRoy Somerset, 10th Duke of Beaufort KG GCVO KStJ PC (1900–1984);
    Christie's, London, 18 December 1990, lot 88;
    Bonhams, London, 22 March 1994, lot 35.

    Exhibited:
    National Portrait Gallery, Samuel Cooper and his contemporaries 1974, no.196.

    Literature:
    J. J. Foster, 1914-1916, Supplement, p.61, no.382 (fully attributed to Samuel Cooper);
    D. Foskett, Samuel Cooper 1609-1672, 1974, p.85.
    D. Foskett, Samuel Cooper and his contemporaries, 1974, p.102, ill.fig.196;
    D. Foskett, Collecting Miniatures, 1979, pp.126-7, ill.pl.25G.

    The present lot, previously attributed to Samuel Cooper by J. J. Foster, was in fact copied after one of Cooper's five prototyes for his finished limnings of the Duchess of Richmond. This particular prototype is said to have been the same that was acquired by Charles II from Cooper's widow in exchange for her pension and it had previously appeared on the list of works she offered for sale to Cosimo III, Grand Tuke of Tuscany. However, an unfinished miniature of the Duchess by Cooper with a similar description also appears in the inventories of James II under the heading 'Whitehall, not Charles II's, small pictures', which would indicate that the prototype in the Royal Collection was acquired later by James II (Reynolds, The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Miniatures in the Collection of her Majesty the Queen, 1999, p.136-7, ill.fig.114; RCIN 420085).

    In her will dated ten years later, Mrs Cooper bequeathed 'all my husband's pictures in Limning which I shall have by me at the time of my decease' to her cousin and Cooper's uncle and mentor, John Hoskins. Foskett suggests this collection may have eventually been sold and in part, purchased by Susan Penelope Rosse before being sold by her husband in 1723 (D. Foskett, Samuel Cooper 1609-1672, 1974, p.67). Whilst Cooper's unfinished limning of the Duchess had already been acquired by the Royal Collection by this date, it is possible that Rosse had prior access to it in order to make her copy.

    It is not known for certain how and when Ellen Tower acquired the present lot but there is said to have been some connection between the Tower family and Rosse's father, Richard Gibson, who also knew the Hoskins and Cooper families (Foskett, op.cit., p.85).

    Frances Teresa Stewart was the daughter of Walter Stewart (or Stuart), a physician in Queen Henrietta Maria's court and a distant relative of the Royal family. She was born in exile in Paris and came to England in 1663 to act as Maid of Honour and subsequently Lady-in-Waiting to Charles II's new bride, Catherine of Braganza. Whilst a member of the Royal court, Stewart caught the eye of Charles II, who fell madly in love with her. The King's infatuation was so great that in the wake of Stewart's refusal to become his mistress, he considered the possibility of obtaining a divorce in order to marry her.

    Stewart eventually married Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond and 6th Duke of Lennox KG (1639-1672) as his third wife in March 1667. She was tragically disfigured by smallpox two years later. The King however retained his affections for her and Stewart was present at the birth of his nephew, Prince James Francis Edward Stuart in 1688, signing his birth certificate before the council. Upon her death in 1702, Stewart bequeathed her valuable property to her nephew, Lord Blantyre, whose seat at Lethington was renamed 'Lennoxlove' in her honour.
Activities
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine, Coins & Medals and Motor Cars and Motorcycles:

Buyer's Premium Rates
25% on the first £50,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from £50,001 to £1,000,000 the Hammer Price
12% from £1,000,001 of the Hammer Price

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

Payment in advance: by cash, check with banker's card, credit card, bank draft or traveler's cheque.

Payment at collection: by credit or debit card.

Credit card charges: a surcharge of 2% is applicable when using Mastercard, Visa and overseas debit cards.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Contacts
  1. Jennifer Tonkin
    Specialist - Portrait Miniatures
    Bonhams
    Work
    Montpelier Street
    London, United Kingdom SW7 1HH
    Work +44 20 7393 3986
    FaxFax: +44 20 7393 3863