Philip Jean (British, 1755-1802) A rare work on paper portraying Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1834), seated at a writing table and wearing black riding boots, white breeches, black cummerbund, scarlet double-breasted jacket with blue cuffs, facings and standing collar, gold epaulettes and brass buttons, the breast star of the Order of the Garter secured to his left breast, white frilled chemise and black stock, his hair lightly powdered
Lot 61
Philip Jean
(British, 1755-1802)
A rare work on paper portraying Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1834), seated at a writing table and wearing black riding boots, white breeches, black cummerbund, scarlet double-breasted jacket with blue cuffs, facings and standing collar, gold epaulettes and brass buttons, the breast star of the Order of the Garter secured to his left breast, white frilled chemise and black stock, his hair lightly powdered
£1,200 - 1,800
US$ 1,900 - 2,800

Lot Details
Philip Jean (British, 1755-1802)
A rare work on paper portraying Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1834), seated at a writing table and wearing black riding boots, white breeches, black cummerbund, scarlet double-breasted jacket with blue cuffs, facings and standing collar, gold epaulettes and brass buttons, the breast star of the Order of the Garter secured to his left breast, white frilled chemise and black stock, his hair lightly powdered.
Pencil and watercolour on paper, signed in ink on the obverse P Jean Pinxt, gilt-wood frame, the reverse bearing the remains of a handwritten label Phi.../ 3.
Rectangular, 243mm (9 9/16in) high
Provenance: Gifted to Dr Andrew Bain (d.1827) in 1822 according to later inscription to the reverse of the frame.

Footnotes

  • The present lot derives from a full-scale oil portrait by Sir William Beechey, which was reproduced in mezzotint by William Say in 1807 (R. Walker, Miniatures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen: The Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries, 1992, p.173).

    A comparable circular miniature depicting only the head of the Duke, by an unidentified artist resides in the Royal Collection (RCIN 420256) together with a similar bust-length miniature in enamel that is signed and dated 1844 by William Bone Senior (RCIN 421923). The latter is a slightly later image of the Duke that is likely to date to around the time of his marriage. An identical miniature attributed to Charlotte Jones, sold at these salerooms on 18 November 2003 (lot 149). It is believed that a miniature set in a bracelet and gifted to Queen Victoria in 1844 by the Duke's sister, Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester, possibly served as the original source for the miniatures by Bone and Jones, but it is no longer in the Royal Collection (V. Remington, Victorian Miniatures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 2010, p.116).

    Philip Jean received many commissions from the Duke's parents and his miniatures of them and other Royal sitters were exhibited at the RA between 1790 and 1802. His miniature of William Frederick's mother, Maria, Duchess of Gloucester, sold at these rooms on 25 May 2011 (lot 18). Jean also painted full-length oil portraits of George III and Queen Charlotte. The latter, dated 1796, resides at the Royal Court House in Jersey.

    William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh was the only son and youngest child of William Henry (1743–1805), Duke of Gloucester and Maria (1736-1807), Dowager Countess of Waldegrave. William entered the army with a Captain's commission in 1789 and became a full Colonel in 1794. In 1816, he attained the rank of Field Marshal and married his cousin, Princess Mary (1776-1857), the fourth daughter of George III and Queen Charlotte. The couple did not have any children, but are said to have lived a happy and quiet life devoting themselves to various charitable and philanthropic causes including Catholic emancipation. The Duke was also President of the African Institution and a Trustee of the British Museum. He died on 30 November 1834 and is buried at St. George's Chapel, Windsor.

    Dr Andrew Bain is listed as one of the Physicians Extraordinary to HRH Prince of Wales, practicing from Curzon Street, Mayfair (Gentleman's Gazette and Historical Chronicle For the Year 1809, vol.79, part II, p.1228).
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