Carl Wilhelm Emile Milles, Swedish / American (1875-1955)
A bronze model The Struggle For Existence
depicting two male figures and a female figure emerging from an abstract base and reaching outward, signed Carl Milles, 19.5cm high
Carl Milles is Sweden's best known sculptor, but his connection to the United States also runs long and deep. Born Carl Wilhelm Andersson near Uppsala in 1875, he moved to Paris when he was 22. Soon after his arrival, his encounter with Auguste Rodin's monumental sculpture of Balzac at the autumn salon of 1897 would permanently change his artistic vision. He wrote later: "I was completely overwhelmed by it, and life began to have meaning for me." The young artist went to work in Rodin's studio, and exhibited in the annual Paris salons under the name Carl Milles from 1899 until his return to Sweden in 1906.
Milles created numerous works for public spaces in the United States, the most famous of which is The Meeting of the Waters fountain group in Saint Louis, Missouri (1940).