Giovanni Antonio Guardi (Vienna 1699-1760 Venice) Portrait of Ferdinand of Spain, as the Prince of Asturias, later King Ferdinand VI,
Lot 73
Giovanni Antonio Guardi (Vienna 1699-1760 Venice) Portrait of Ferdinand of Spain, as the Prince of Asturias, later King Ferdinand VI,
£100,000 - 150,000
US$ 160,000 - 240,000
amended

Lot Details
Giovanni Antonio Guardi (Vienna 1699-1760 Venice) Portrait of Ferdinand of Spain, as the Prince of A
Other properties
Giovanni Antonio Guardi (Vienna 1699-1760 Venice)
Portrait of Ferdinand of Spain, as the Prince of Asturias, later King Ferdinand VI, three-quarter-length, in a velvet coat with gold embroidered decoration, wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece and holding a baton
inscribed with Schulenburg inventory number '80' (lower right)
oil on canvas laid down on board
102 x 82cm (40 3/16 x 32 5/16in).

Footnotes

  • PROVENANCE:
    Commissioned by Field Marshal Count Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg (1661-1747)
    Bequeathed to his nephew, Adolph Friedrich von der Schulenburg (1685-1741), Berlin
    Sold by a member of the von der Schulenburg family, Christie's, London, 22 April 1994, lot 46
    Where purchased by the present owner

    EXHIBITED:
    Venice, Palazzo Grassi, Mostra dei Guardi, 5 June - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 13
    Bergamo, Accademia Carrara, and Musée des Augustins, Toulouse, Fra' Galgario e il ritratto in Europa nel Settecento, 2 October 2003 - 10 May 2004

    LITERATURE:
    Inventario Generale della Galleria di S.E. Maresciallo Co: di Schulenburg (Venice, June 1741), appendix, Tableaux achetés aprés le sudit Cattalogue (see Binion La Galleria scomparsa del maresciallo von der Schulenburg (Milan, 1990))
    A. Morassi, Antonio Guardi ai servigi del Feldmaresciallo Schulenburg, II Emporium, CXXXI, May 1960, p. 204
    R. Pallucchini, Note sulla Mostra dei Guardi, Arte Veneta, 1965, p. 216
    D. Mahon, The Brothers at the Mostra dei Guardi: some Impressions of a Neophyte, Problemi Guardeschi (Atti del Convegno di Studi promosso dalla Mostra dei Guardi, Venice, 13-14 September 1965), (Venice, 1967), pp. 767-77 and ill. pl.22
    A. Morassi, Antonio Guardi, Sensibilità e razionalità del Settecento (Florence, August 1967), p. 505
    A. Morassi, Guardi (Venice, 1973), vol. I, pp. 59-60 and 331, cat. no. 122; vol. II, ill. fig. 146
    A. Binion La Galleria scomparsa del maresciallo von der Schulenburg(Milan, 1990), pp. 179, 245 and 259
    F. Pedrocco and F. Montecuccoli degli Erri, Antonio Guardi (Milan, 1992), p.42, note 41, 129, no. 53 and 198, ill. fig. 70

    Field Marshal Count Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg (1661-1747), a German aristocrat of Brandenburg Prussian descent, initially served in both the Imperial and Saxon armies. His later service under Prince Eugene of Savoy during the War of the Spanish Succession brought him to the attention of the Venetians. Appointed Field Marshall of the Venetian forces in 1715, he successfully broke the siege of Corfu the following year and secured victory for the Venetian Republic. He set up residence in the Palazzo Loredan, San Trovaso, and after his retirement from active service, he began collecting and commissioning art. Alongside Consul Joseph Smith (1682 - 1770), von der Schulenburg went on to become one of the foremost patrons and collectors of art in Venice in the 18th century and by his death in 1747, his collection numbered some 957 items, including groups of paintings by leading Venetian artists such Piazzetta, Giovanni Antonio Guardi and the Ricci, along with views by Canaletto, Bellotto and Marieschi.

    Giovanni Antonio Guardi appears to have enjoyed a particularly close relationship with Schulenburg. Indeed, he was paid a monthly retainer by the marshal. Many of the works produced for Schulenburg were copies, such as The Last Supper (now in the Museum of Halle, Saale) which was based on a prototype by Niccolò Grassi now in Augsburg and commissioned by the marshal in the summer of 1738. Guardi also executed numerous portraits for him of various members of the royal houses of Europe including, for example, a group of 'cinque ritratti della Casa d'Austria'. The present portrait was commissioned by Schulenburg from Giovanni Antonio Guardi in 1745 and payments to the artist are recorded between October 1745 and January 1746 for a series of six portraits of the King and Queen of Spain, Philip, Duke of Parma and his wife, and the present sitter, the future King Ferdinand VI of Spain and his wife (see A. Binion, p. 179), five of which have been rediscovered and identified by Morassi (op. cit. pp. 330-331). Out of necessity, many of these paintings were based on the works of other artists. The portraits of the Spanish royal family are based on prototypes by Louis Michel van Loo and the original model for the present painting is now located at the Palacio Real, Madrid (inventory no. 10002069).

Saleroom notices

  • Please note that the measurements for the present lot are incorrect in the printed catalogue and should read: 102 x 82cm (40 3/16 x 32 5/16in).
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