School of Sir Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599-1641)
A portrait of Lord and Lady Bayning with identifying inscription 'Paul Lord Bayning & his Lady / Vandyke Pinxit / H' (lower left) oil on canvas 51 3/4 x 72 1/2in (131.4 x 183.5cm)
Born circa 1616, Paul Bayning succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount Bayning of Sudbury on the death of his father in 1629 and inherited vast estates in Essex and Suffolk. He married Penelope (1620-1647) daughter of Sir Robert Naunton and had two daughters by her. He died at the age of 22 at Little Bentley Hall, Essex and Penelope remarried shortly after to Philip Herbert, later 5th Earl of Pembroke. The figure of an angel offering his basket of flowers is based on Van Dyck's painting Dorothy, Viscountess Andover with her sister Elizabeth, Lady Thimbleby (National Gallery, London). The head of Penelope is similar to a portrait of her by Van Dyck circa 1636-7, probably painted when she was still Lady Bayning and before her second marriage. The present picture may possibly be the picture mentioned in Barnes, et al. which was on the art-market in Glasgow in 1958 (S.J. Barnes, N. De Poorter, O. Millar and H. Vey, Van Dyck A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, New Haven and London, 2004, p.638, IV.A.28).
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