Ezh. [Hedgehog]; and Chizh. [Siskin].
Comprising 84 issues of Ezh, No 1, 1828-No 8, 1935 (with gaps); and 6 issues of Chizh, Nos 1-3, 1930 and 2-3, 11 and 12, 1933. Various sizes. Some wear, discoloring and soiling.
Under the leadership of editor-in-chief Nikolai Makarovich Oleinikov [1898-1937], Ezh became the most important Soviet children's magazine from 1928 to 1937. Chizh, founded in 1930, was intended for younger children. Both drew on the Russian avant-garde for text and pictures, particularly the OBERIU absurdists D. KHARMS, V. ERMOLAEVA, A. VVEDENSKII and N. ZABOLOTSKII. Other contributors included writers S. MARSHAK, K. CHUKOVSKY, B. ZHITKOV, A. TOLSTOY, E. SHWARTS; and artists V. V. LEBEVEV, V. KONASHEVICH, E.I. CHARUSHIN, N.A. TYRSA, N. LAPSHIN, A. PAKHOMOV. L. IUDIN, E. SAFONOVA, V.A. TAMBI and V.A. ZAMIRAILO. Many of the selections (including Kharms' "Ivan Ivanovich Samovar" and "Vo-pervykh i vo-vtorykh" (Firstly and Secondly); and Marshak's "Otryad" (The Troop) and "Progulka na osle" (Ride on a Donkey) were later issued as picture books with different illustrations. For example, Tatlin illustrated the book Vopervykh i vo-vtorykh and Zamirailo the magazine appearance. Several frequent contributors to these two children's magazines (including Kharms, Vvedenskii and Ermolaeva) were arrested during the Great Purge and died in prison; the editor Olienikov was executed for being a counter-revolutionary.
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